Stephen Loucian Lowe

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Schizophrenia is a chronic, complex and heterogeneous mental disorder, with pathological features of disrupted neuronal excitability and plasticity within limbic structures of the brain. These pathological features manifest behaviorally as positive symptoms (including hallucinations, delusions and thought disorder), negative symptoms (such as social(More)
According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis, cerebral deposition of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is critical for Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Aβ generation is initiated when β-secretase (BACE1) cleaves the amyloid precursor protein. For more than a decade, BACE1 has been a prime target for designing drugs to prevent or treat AD. However, development of(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that the primary symptoms of schizophrenia may be associated with altered central glutamate transmission. LY2140023 monohydrate is the methionine prodrug of the selective mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY404039 and is currently being assessed for the treatment of schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the central(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that selective antagonism of kappa opioid receptors may provide therapeutic benefit in the treatment of major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, and substance use disorders. LY2456302 is a high-affinity, selective kappa opioid antagonist that demonstrates >30-fold functional selectivity over mu and delta opioid(More)
AIM To determine the potential of cortisol secretion, in response to a physiological stressor, as a biomarker for centrally active compounds targeting the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. METHODS Cortisol response to hypoglycaemia was measured in 26 healthy males in two stages: firstly to derive an algorithm for individualized, graded(More)
The objective of the study was to assess l-5-hydroxytryptophan's (l-5HTP) augmentation effect on the neuroendocrine response to a SSRI (citalopram). A neuroendocrine challenge study was conducted in healthy Asian male subjects. The neuroendocrine response to oral citalopram and l-5HTP was measured primarily as the prolactin and cortisol area under the(More)
BACKGROUND Selective kappa opioid receptor antagonism is a promising experimental strategy for the treatment of depression. The kappa opioid receptor antagonist, LY2456302, exhibits ~30-fold higher affinity for kappa opioid receptors over mu opioid receptors, which is the next closest identified pharmacology. METHODS Here, we determined kappa opioid(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rifampicin co-administration on the pharmacokinetics of ruboxistaurin and its active metabolite, N-desmethyl ruboxistaurin and, in addition, to compare the changes in pharmacokinetics of ruboxistaurin and N-desmethyl ruboxistaurin with the urinary 6beta-hydroxycortisol : cortisol ratio. Ruboxistaurin(More)
BACE1 is a key protease controlling the formation of amyloid β, a peptide hypothesized to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, the development of potent and selective inhibitors of BACE1 has been a focus of many drug discovery efforts in academia and industry. Herein, we report the nonclinical and early(More)