Stephen L.W. On

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate a polymerase chain reaction assay for identification of Campylobacter fetus and differentiation of the defined subspecies. DESIGN Characterisation of bacterial strains by traditional phenotyping, polymerase chain reaction, a probabilistic identification scheme and macrorestriction profiling using pulsed field gel electrophoresis. (More)
A total of 110 broilers from 11 flocks were tested for Helicobacter pullorum by polymerase chain reaction; positive samples were reexamined with a conventional isolation method. H. pullorum isolates were examined by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprinting for interstrain genetic diversity and relatedness. Sixteen isolates from cecal(More)
A previously described phage infecting Escherichia coli O157:H7 was added to raw and cooked beef pieces at concentrations ranging from 10(1)-10(8) plaque forming units/cm(2) to either low (<100 CFU/cm(2)) or high (10(4) CFU/cm(2)) concentrations of host bacterial cells. Incubation for up to 24 h was performed at 5 ℃ and 24 ℃ to simulate refrigerated and(More)
In this study, 231 strains of Yersinia enterocolitica, 25 strains of Y. intermedia, and 10 strains of Y. bercovieri from human and porcine sources (including reference strains) were analyzed using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), a whole-genome fingerprinting method for subtyping bacterial isolates. AFLP typing distinguished the different(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a zoonotic pathogen that causes diarrheal disease in humans and is of public health concern because of its ability to cause outbreaks and severe disease such as hemorrhagic colitis or hemolytic-uremic syndrome. More than 400 serotypes of STEC have been implicated in outbreaks and sporadic human disease. The(More)
Campylobacteriosis is the most commonly reported form of human bacterial gastroenteritis in the world. Sound identification of infectious sources requires subtyping, but the most widely used methods have turnaround times measured in days and require specialist equipment and skills. A multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification-binary typing (MBiT)(More)
As part of a European research project (FOOD-PCR), we developed a standardized and robust PCR detection assay specific for the three most frequently reported food-borne pathogenic Campylobacter species, C. jejuni, C. coli, and C. lari. Fifteen published and unpublished PCR primers targeting the 16S rRNA gene were tested in all possible pairwise(More)
A number of outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections involving beef have been reported. Options for controlling bacterial pathogens in raw foods are limited, but one is to use bacteriophages (phages). We describe the isolation and characterisation of phage FAHEc1, which infects E. coli O157, and its ability to kill its host in vitro and on beef. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the bactericidal activity of antiviral and anticancer nucleoside analogues against a variety of pathogenic bacteria and characterize the activating enzymes, deoxyribonucleoside kinases (dNKs). METHODS Several FDA-approved nucleoside analogue drugs were screened for their potential bactericidal activity against several clinical(More)
We compared the characteristics of a cultured human "Helicobacter heilmannii" isolate with those of other helicobacters found in animals. Phenotypic, protein profile, 16S rDNA sequence, and DNA-DNA hybridization analyses identified the human strain as H. bizzozeronii, a species frequently found in dogs. Thus, H. bizzozeronii may have zoonotic potential.