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BACKGROUND Gastric carcinogenesis has been well documented in the step-wise histopathological model, known as Correa pathway. Several biomarkers including CD44, Musashi-1 and CD133 have been reported as putative stem cell (PSC) markers. METHODS We investigated expression of PSC markers CD44, Musashi-1 and CD133 in relation to gastric carcinogenesis and(More)
Cancer immunotherapy using a patient's own T cells redirected to recognize and kill tumor cells has achieved promising results in metastatic melanoma and leukemia. This technique involves harnessing a patient's T cells and then delivering a gene that encodes a new T cell receptor (TCR) or a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) that allow the cells to recognize(More)
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the microtubules are shown to be potential targets for treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PI3K/Akt/mTOR activation is associated with resistance to microtubule inhibitors. Here, we evaluated the antitumor activity by cotargeting of the mTOR (using allosteric mTOR inhibitor everolimus) and the microtubules(More)
Small molecules that restore the expression of growth-inhibitory microRNAs (miRNA) downregulated in tumors may have potential as anticancer agents. miR34a functions as a tumor suppressor and is downregulated or silenced commonly in a variety of human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we used an HCC cell-based miR34a(More)
Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. Author contributions: ZX contributed to acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data; drafting of the manuscript; statistical analysis. CHL, FX and LF contributed to acquisition of data and drafting of the manuscript. SLC contributed to obtain(More)