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BACKGROUND An occult pneumothorax (OPTX) is found incidentally in 2% to 10% of all blunt trauma patients. Indications for intervention remain controversial. We sought to determine which factors predicted failed observation in blunt trauma patients. METHODS A prospective, observational, multicenter study was undertaken to identify patients with OPTX.(More)
Ultrasound is a standard adjunct to the initial evaluation of injured patients in the emergency department. We sought to evaluate the ability of prehospital, in-flight thoracic ultrasound to identify pneumothorax. Non-physician aeromedical providers were trained to perform and interpret thoracic ultrasound. All adult trauma patients and adult medical(More)
Appendicitis and pregnancy are both common conditions, and when they co-exist, both the general surgeon and obstetrician are presented with unique challenges. Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of the acute abdomen during pregnancy, effecting 0.1-0.3 per cent of pregnancies each year. With an estimated 4 million deliveries per year in the United(More)
The increased use of sonography and computed tomography in the assessment of lower abdominal pain has led to the greater recognition of epiploic appendagitis. Although epiploic appendagitis is increasingly described and diagnosed by radiologists it is rarely discussed in the surgical literature. We describe five recent cases of epiploic appendagitis managed(More)
BACKGROUND To review the inflammatory sequelae of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and altitude exposure and discuss the potential impact of aeromedical evacuation (AE) on this process. METHODS Literature review and expert opinion regarding the inflammatory effects of TBI and AE. RESULTS Traumatic brain injury has been called the signature injury of the(More)
BACKGROUND The dichotomy between clinical and hospital revenue generation for trauma care is well established. Many trauma programs require hospital support for fiscal survival. We evaluated the impact of standardized clinical documentation to the hospital's bottom line at our trauma center. METHODS Standardized documentation templates for evaluation and(More)
OBJECTIVE En-route care necessitates the evacuation of seriously wounded service members requiring mechanical ventilation in aircraft where low light, noise, vibration, and barometric pressure changes create a unique clinical environment. Our goal was to evaluate ventilatory requirements, oxygenation, and oxygen use in flight and assess the feasibility of a(More)
INTRODUCTION The ever-present risk of mass casualties and disaster situations may result in airway management situations that overwhelm local emergency medical services (EMS) resources. Endotracheal intubation requires significant user education/training and carries the risk of malposition. Furthermore, personal protective equipment (PPE) required in(More)