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PURPOSE Three agents with differing mechanisms of action are available for treatment of advanced colorectal cancer: fluorouracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin. In this study, we compared the activity and toxicity of three different two-drug combinations in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who had not been treated previously for advanced disease. (More)
PURPOSE Tumor shrinkage categorized as complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) is a fundamental efficacy measure for new cancer treatments and often considered a surrogate for overall survival. However, for any given treatment, many more patients typically achieve stable disease (SD) or have progressive disease (PD) than achieve response. We(More)
PURPOSE S0003 was a phase III trial of carboplatin/paclitaxel with or without the hypoxic cytotoxin tirapazamine in patients with advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the relationship between clinical outcomes and plasma levels of the hypoxia-associated protein osteopontin (OPN) in patients on this protocol. PATIENTS(More)
PURPOSE To determine the feasibility and a recommended phase II dose of tirapazamine when combined with chemoradiotherapy in limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LSCLC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Concurrent chemoradiotherapy consisted of two cycles of cisplatin, etoposide, and once-daily radiation to 61 Gy. Tirapazamine (260 mg/m2) was given 1 h before(More)
BACKGROUND A previous Southwest Oncology Group study demonstrated a 30% response rate with the combination of cisplatin and mitotane in the treatment of patients with metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma. Several case reports suggested that the combination of etoposide and cisplatin may be an active regimen in this disease. Because of these reports of(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of single-agent sorafenib in chemotherapy-naïve patients with metastatic or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). The primary end point was response probability (ie, confirmed complete and partial response [PR]). PATIENTS AND METHODS Chemotherapy-naïve(More)
PURPOSE The Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) conducted a randomized comparison of cisplatin plus fluorouracil (5-FU) and carboplatin plus 5-FU versus single-agent methotrexate (MTX) in patients with recurrent and metastatic squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck. The primary objective was to compare separately the response rates of each(More)
PURPOSE In this report, we update survival (OS) and time-to-progression (TTP) data for the Intergroup trial N9741 after a median 5 years of follow-up by using risk-stratified and prognostic factor analyses to determine if treatment outcomes differ in specific patient subgroups. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 1,691 patients were randomly assigned to one(More)
BACKGROUND Fluorouracil (5-FU), oxaliplatin and irinotecan combinations improve time to tumor progression (TTP), objective response and overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). Here we identify and describe patients treated on Intergroup study N9741 who initially had inoperable MCRC, but who obtained sufficient(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the safety and antitumor activity of an autologous GM-CSF-secreting melanoma cell vaccine that was engineered ex vivo with recombinant replication-incompetent adenovirus harboring a human GM-CSF gene (Adv/hGM-CSF). Melanoma samples were surgically obtained from 30 patients (15 female and 15 male, ages ranging(More)