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Transgenic mice overexpressing the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the thymus and central nervous system have a higher number of mononuclear cells in those tissues than do control littermates. In the thymus, there is a modest increase in the number of Mac-1 and F4/80 positive cells, but no apparent change in the number of lymphoid(More)
RelB, a member of the NF-kappa B/Rel family of transcription factors, has been implicated in the constitutive expression of kappa B-regulated genes in lymphoid tissues. We have generated mice carrying a germline mutation of the relB gene, resulting in the absence of RelB protein and a dramatic reduction of constitutive kappa B-binding activity in thymus and(More)
RelB-deficient mice (relB(-/-)) have a complex phenotype including multiorgan inflammation and hematopoietic abnormalities. To examine whether other NF-kappaB/Rel family members are required for the development of this phenotype or have a compensatory role, we have initiated a program to generate double-mutant mice that are deficient in more than one family(More)
The biological effects of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP) 1 are mediated by binding to C-C chemokine receptor (CCR) 2. In the present studies, we used CCR2 knockout (CCR2-/-) mice to examine the role of MCP-1 in acetaminophen-induced macrophage accumulation in the liver, expression of inflammatory cytokines, and hepatotoxicity. We found that hepatic(More)
Glucokinase (GK) plays a central role in the sensing of glucose in pancreatic beta-cells and parenchymal cells of the liver. Glucokinase regulatory protein is a physiological inhibitor of GK in the liver. To understand the role of the interaction of these two proteins in glucose sensing, we carried out a series of experiments to localize the protein in the(More)
Transgenic mice expressing the chemokine N51/KC in thymus, skin, and tongue showed a marked infiltration of a single class of inflammatory cells (neutrophils) in the sites of transgene expression. In the thymus, neutrophils were most numerous in the cortex and juxta-medullary regions, often forming aggregates or clusters. A similar, but less intense,(More)
In the present studies, we analyzed the effects of acute endotoxemia on hepatocyte nitric oxide production and functional activity. Treatment of rats with 5 mg/kg of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which induces acute endotoxemia, caused an increase in nitric oxide production in the liver, as measured by electron paramagnetic spin trapping, which was evident(More)
Hepatocyte proliferation represents an important part of tissue repair. In these studies, TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) knockout mice were used to analyze the role of TNF-alpha in hepatocyte proliferation during acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity. Treatment of wild-type (WT) mice with acetaminophen (300 mg/kg) resulted in centrilobular hepatic necrosis. This was(More)
The distribution of radiolabeled 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB) and TCB-induced effects on serum and adrenal gland retinoid content, and adrenal gland morphology was studied by liquid scintillation counting, high performance liquid chromatography, light microscopic autoradiography, and transmission electron microscopy. Adult, female WAG/Rij rats(More)
Nitric oxide is a highly reactive molecule that has been implicated in host defense and tissue injury. In the present studies, we determined whether rat type II alveolar epithelial cells have the capacity to produce this mediator. We found that type II cells synthesize significant quantities of nitric oxide after treatment with the inflammatory cytokines,(More)