Stephen K. Chapman

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The gene encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) of Aequorea victoria was introduced into the expression cassette of a virus vector based on potato virus X (PVX). Host plants of PVX inoculated with PVX.GFP became systemically infected. Production of GFP in these plants was detected initially between 1 and 2 days postinoculation by the presence of regions(More)
The suitability of potato virus X (PVX) as a gene vector in plants was tested by analysis of two viral constructs. In the first, the GUS gene of Escherichia coli was substituted for the viral coat protein gene. In the second, GUS was added into the viral genome coupled to a duplicated copy of the viral promoter for the coat protein mRNA. The viral construct(More)
The role of the coat protein of potato virus X (PVX) was investigated by site-directed mutation of the coat protein gene. Mutant viruses with in-frame deletions in the 5' end of the coat protein gene were capable of systemically infecting plants, but produced virions with atypical morphology. Viruses with a frameshift mutation near the 5' end or with(More)
BACKGROUND The transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) superfamily of growth factors includes activins and inhibins, which have been shown to be present in the rat ventral prostate, and human prostate tumor cell lines, although their localization in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) tissue is currently unknown. METHODS BPH tissues were obtained at(More)
Three children with middle fossa arachnoid cysts, presenting with non-specific symptoms and otherwise well, were investigated before and after surgery with magnetic resonance and 99Tc-hexamethylpropyleneamineoxime single photon emission computerised tomography scans, to assess the effect of the cysts on cerebral blood flow. All patients had evidence of a(More)
Three types of mutation were introduced into the sequence encoding the GDD motif of the putative replicase component of potato virus X (PVX). All three mutations rendered the viral genome completely noninfectious when inoculated into Nicotiana clevelandii or into protoplasts of Nicotiana tabacum (cv. Samsun NN). In order to test whether these negative(More)
The pathophysiological significance of fetal echogenic gut (FEG) is unknown. Our aim was prospectively to evaluate FEG in infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and absent umbilical artery end diastolic flow velocities. Over a 15 month period, nine infants with FEG met these criteria. Nine infants who, on antenatal assessment, had demonstrated(More)
The study of gastric emptying in the preterm infant has been hampered by the absence of a suitable, valid technique. We have evaluated gastric antral clearance using serial ultrasonic measurement of the antral cross sectional area (ACSA). The study was easy to perform, providing successful results in 15 of 17 low birth-weight infants, with feed volumes of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the comparative merits of ultrasound and fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the correct antenatal diagnosis of suspected central nervous system abnormalities. METHODS A retrospective review of 27 consecutive pregnancies referred for fetal MRI for suspected central nervous system abnormalities between July 1998 and July 2001.(More)
The D2 peptide derived from an S. aureus fibronectin-binding protein (FnBP) was expressed on the surface of the icosahedral cowpea mosaic virus (amino acids 1-30 of D2) or on the rod-shaped potato virus X (amino acids 1-38 of D2), termed CPMV-MAST1 and PVX-MAST8, respectively. Mice and rats were immunized subcutaneously with CPMV-MAST1 and mice with(More)