Stephen J. Wilson

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Semantic priming occurs when a subject is faster in recognising a target word when it is preceded by a related word compared to an unrelated word. The effect is attributed to automatic or controlled processing mechanisms elicited by short or long interstimulus intervals (ISIs) between primes and targets. We employed event-related functional magnetic(More)
The construct of craving has been central to addiction research for more than 50 years. Only recently have investigators begun to apply functional neuroimaging techniques to the study of drug cue reactivity, and a small but growing number of studies implicate a distributed system of brain regions in the pathogenesis of craving. The internal consistency of(More)
Prostacyclin (PGI(2)) and thromboxane (TxA(2)) are biological opposites; PGI(2), a vasodilator and inhibitor of platelet aggregation, limits the deleterious actions of TxA(2), a vasoconstrictor and platelet activator. The molecular mechanisms involved in the counterregulation of PGI(2)/TxA(2) signaling are unclear. We examined the interaction of the(More)
In recent years, research applying functional neuroimaging to the study of cue-elicited drug craving has emerged. This research has begun to identify a distributed system of brain activity during drug craving. A review of this literature suggested that expectations regarding the opportunity to use a drug affected the pattern of neural responses elicited by(More)
Dietary fish oil containing omega 3 highly unsaturated fatty acids has cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory effects. Prostaglandins (PGs) and thromboxanes are produced in vivo both from the omega 6 fatty acid arachidonic acid (AA) and the omega 3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Certain beneficial effects of fish oil may result from altered PG(More)
Intramammary infection with Streptococcus uberis is a common cause of bovine mastitis throughout the world. Several procedures to differentiate S. uberis isolates have been proposed. However, all are prone to interlaboratory variation, and none is suitable for the description of the population structure. We describe here the development of a multilocus(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Currently, esophageal pressure monitoring is the "gold standard" measure for inspiratory efforts, but its invasive nature necessitates a better tolerated and noninvasive method to be used on children. Pulse transit time (PTT) has demonstrated its potential as a noninvasive surrogate marker for inspiratory efforts. The principle velocity(More)
The generation of myotubes was studied in the tibialis cranialis muscle in the sheep hindlimb from the earliest stage of primary myotube formation until a stage shortly before muscle fascicles began to segregate. Primary myotubes were first seen on embryonic day 32 (E32) and reached their maximum number by E38. Small numbers of secondary myotubes were first(More)
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are increasingly prevalent pathogens. However, little is known about their emergence in patients with hematologic malignancies. We identified 18 patients with hematologic malignancies over 3.5 years who developed bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by CRE. Fourteen BSIs were caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae,(More)
Circulating lymphocytes continuously enter lymph nodes for immune surveillance through specialized blood vessels named high endothelial venules, a process that increases markedly during immune responses. How high endothelial venules (HEVs) permit lymphocyte transmigration while maintaining vascular integrity is unknown. Here we report a role for the(More)