Stephen J. Shepherd

Learn More
Complications after major surgery are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The etiology of postoperative complications is complex, but poor cardiorespiratory reserve appears to be a key factor. There is increasing interest in the use of central and mixed venous oxygen saturation to guide therapeutic interventions during the perioperative period.(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Traumatic brain injury remains a common and often debilitating event across the world, producing significant burdens upon health and social care. Effective neurocritical care coupled with timely and appropriate neurosurgical intervention can produce significant improvements in patient outcome. There remains controversy about how best to(More)
The southwestern Sydney area has the highest population of Vietnamese immigrants in New South Wales. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in obstetric outcomes and birthweights of infants of Vietnamese-born women and Australian-born women in southwestern Sydney during 1991. There was a higher incidence of gestational diabetes and a lower(More)
In recent years, prescriptions for antidepressant agents have increased substantially. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have gradually supervened tricyclic agents as drugs of choice because of their lower toxicity and generally better tolerability. They cause less sedation with fewer anticholinergic effects and are now widely used for the(More)
BACKGROUND Airway complications occur more frequently outside the operating theatre and in emergency situations. Capnography remains the gold standard for confirming correct endotracheal tube placement, retaining high sensitivity and specificity in cardiac arrest. The 2010 European Resuscitation Council guidelines for adult advanced life support recommended(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Both surgical workload and the age of those patients being considered for radial pulmonary resection are increasing. Enhanced recovery programmes are now well established in most surgical disciplines and are increasingly reported in thoracic procedures. This review will discuss the relevant principles of these programmes as applied to an(More)
OBJECTIVES ICU-acquired weakness is a common complication of critical illness and can have significant effects upon functional status and quality of life. As part of preliminary work to inform the design of a randomized trial of a complex intervention to improve recovery from critical illness, we sought to identify pharmacological interventions that may(More)