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BACKGROUND Voice disorders affect patients profoundly, and acoustic tools can potentially measure voice function objectively. Disordered sustained vowels exhibit wide-ranging phenomena, from nearly periodic to highly complex, aperiodic vibrations, and increased "breathiness". Modelling and surrogate data studies have shown significant nonlinear and(More)
Preliminary results from real-time 'brain-computer interface' experiments are presented. The analysis is based on autoregressive modelling of a single EEG channel coupled with classification and temporal smoothing under a Bayesian paradigm. It is shown that uncertainty in decisions is taken into account under such a formalism and that this may be used to(More)
There has been growing interest in subspace data modeling over the past few years. Methods such as principal component analysis, factor analysis, and independent component analysis have gained in popularity and have found many applications in image modeling, signal processing, and data compression, to name just a few. As applications and computing power(More)
—A Bayesian-based methodology is presented which automatically penalizes overcomplex models being fitted to unknown data. We show that, with a Gaussian mixture model, the approach is able to select an " optimal " number of components in the model and so partition data sets. The performance of the Bayesian method is compared to other methods of optimal model(More)
Much work has been published on methods for assessing the probable number of clusters or structures within unknown data sets. This paper aims to look in more detail at two methods, a broad parametric method, based around the assumption of Gaussian clusters and the other a non-parametric method which utilises methods of scale-space ltering to extract robust(More)
We propose a methodology for extracting social network structure from spatio-temporal datasets that describe timestamped occurrences of individuals. Our approach identifies temporal regions of dense agent activity and links are drawn between individuals based on their co-occurrences across these 'gathering events'. The statistical significance of these(More)
Problems in data analysis often require the unsupervised partitioning of a data set into clusters. Many methods exist for such partitioning but most have the weakness of being model-based (most assuming hyper-ellipsoidal clusters) or computationally infeasible in anything more than a 3-dimensional data space. We reconsider the notion of cluster analysis in(More)
We present the first fully variational Bayesian inference scheme for continuous Gaussian-process-modulated Poisson processes. Such point processes are used in a variety of domains, including neuroscience, geo-statistics and astronomy , but their use is hindered by the computational cost of existing inference schemes. Our scheme: requires no discretisation(More)
Extreme value theory (EVT) is a branch of statistics which concerns the distributions of data of unusually low or high value i.e. in the tails of some distribution. These extremal points are important in many applications as they represent the outlying regions of normal events against which we may wish to deene abnormal events. In the context of density(More)
This review provides an introduction to the use of parametric modelling techniques for time series analysis, and in particular the application of autoregressive modelling to the analysis of physiological signals such as the human electroencephalogram. The concept of signal stationarity is considered and, in the light of this, both adaptive models, and(More)