Stephen J. Payne

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A laboratory experiment was conducted to assess the influence of graphical and color-enhanced information presentation on information use and decision quality in a simulation setting. This is the third in a series of studies examining the effects of colors and graphics in a managerial decision making task. The findings reported in this paper indicate that(More)
When participants allocated time across 2 tasks (in which they generated as many words as possible from a fixed set of letters), they made frequent switches. This allowed them to allocate more time to the more productive task (i.e., the set of letters from which more words could be generated) even though times between the last word and the switch decision(More)
Participants learned the layout of large-scale "virtual buildings" through extended navigational experience, using "desk-top" (i.e., nonimmersive) virtual environments (VEs). Experiment 1 recreated a study performed in a real building (P. W. Thorndyke & B. Hayes-Roth, 1982). After overcoming initial disorientation, participants ultimately developed(More)
Participants used a helmet-mounted display (HMD) and a desk-top (monitor) display to learn the layouts of two large-scale virtual environments (VEs) through repeated, direct navigational experience. Both VEs were ‘‘virtual buildings’’ containing more than seventy rooms. Participants using the HMD navigated the buildings significantly more quickly and(More)
The importance of background knowledge for effective searching on the Web is not well understood. Participants were given trivia questions on two topics and asked to answer them first using background knowledge and second by searching on the Web. Knowledge of a topic predicted search performance on that topic for all questions and, more importantly, for(More)
We report two studies investigating readers’ ability to allocate limited time adaptively across online texts of varying difficulty. In both studies participants were asked to learn about the human heart and were free to allocate time to 4 separate online texts about the heart but did not have enough time to read them all thoroughly. Of particular interest(More)
We report on emplrlcol study of elementory algebra errors, conducted In three separate schools. The errors ore diagnosed uslng mal-rules, as proposed by Sleeman (1984, 1,985). Our anolysls uncavers the fallowlng properties of algebra malrules: The frequency of mat-rules Is severely skewed, there are many infrequent mol-rules and few frequent ones: mal-rules(More)