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Serum phosphorus levels in the general population have been reported to be associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and increased carotid intima-media thickness. The authors examined gender heterogeneity in the association of phosphorus with all-cause mortality and incident coronary artery disease using data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether genetic variants involved in inflammation play a role in the sex difference in depression. Depression is, in part, genetically determined and inflammation has been implicated. Women are twice as likely to develop depression as men. METHODS We examined the association, separately in men and women, between seven single nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated serum phosphorus has been linked to mortality among patients with renal failure and in one study in the general population. The aim of our study was to examine the association of serum phosphorus level with carotid atherosclerosis in the general population. METHODS We determined the association of serum phosphorus levels with carotid(More)
Some studies have suggested that asthma may be a risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke, particularly in women. Child and adult-onset asthma differ according to inflammatory characteristics and gender distribution. We examined whether childhood-onset and adult-onset asthma were associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in men(More)
Asthma was associated with atherosclerotic disease in several studies, with evidence that this association may be limited to women. However, most previous studies failed to account for the heterogeneity of asthma subtypes. We previously reported increased carotid intima-medial thickness in women with adult-onset asthma. In this study, the association of(More)
Sales of sports and energy drinks have increased dramatically, but there is limited information on regular consumers of sports and energy drinks. Characteristics associated with sports and energy drink intake were examined among a sample representing the civilian noninstitutionalized US adult population. The 2010 National Health Interview Survey data for(More)
OBJECTIVE According to the Federal Trade Commission, in 2009, the top food category with teen-directed marketing expenditures was sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB). The present study reports on exposure to SSB advertisements using self-report data from adolescents. DESIGN Cross-sectional study design using descriptive statistics to assess self-reported(More)
OBJECTIVE Determine school characteristics associated with healthy/unhealthy food service offerings or healthy food preparation practices. DESIGN Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data. SETTING Nationally representative sample of public and private elementary, middle, and high schools. PARTICIPANTS Data from the 2006 School Health Policies and(More)
Obesity is highly prevalent in African Americans and is associated with increased risk of End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and death. It is not known if the effect of obesity is similar among blacks and whites. The aim of this study is to examine racial differences in the association of obesity with ESRD and survival in elderly patients (age >65). Data were(More)
PURPOSE Energy drinks are growing in popularity among youth because of their stimulant properties. However, they can increase blood pressure and are associated with serious consequences such as cardiac arrest. This study examined the associations between energy drink perceptions and energy drink consumption among youth. DESIGN The design was a(More)