Stephen J. Mathes

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Five patterns of muscle circulation, based on studies of the vascular anatomy of muscle, are described. Clinical and experimental correlation of this classification is determined by the predictive value of the vascular pattern of each muscle currently useful in reconstructive surgery in regard to the following parameters: arc of rotation, skin territory,(More)
Patients with a giant congenital melanocytic nevus can develop melanotic tumors characterized by central nervous system involvement, termed leptomeningeal melanocytosis or neurocutaneous melanosis. Although symptomatic neurocutaneous melanosis is rare, we previously reported distinct magnetic resonance (MR) findings of T1 shortening, strongly suggestive of(More)
Aeromonas hydrophila infections are a recognized complication of postoperative leech application, and can occur with measurable frequency in populations of patients treated with leeches. We review 11 previously reported leech-related Aeromonas infections and analyze seven unreported cases. These infections range from minor wound complications to extensive(More)
The relative importance of oxygen in relation to resistance to infection was assessed in 24 mongrel dogs. Rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (MC) and corresponding cutaneous random pattern (RP) flaps based at the level of the xiphoid were elevated, replaced, and sutured. Immediately after the surgical procedure, 0.1 ml saline containing 10(8) Staphylococcus(More)
Management of sudden unrelenting breast growth in a young woman included use of antiestrogen hormone therapy and subcutaneous mastectomy. Later, massive breast growth again occurred during pregnancy, requiring a repeat postpartum subcutaneous mastectomy. The dramatic response to a specific antiestrogen agent and the subsequent massive regrowth of breast(More)
Recent refinements of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) allow imaging vessels as small as the septocutaneous perforators (< or = 1 to 2 mm diameter), but a Medline review reveals no report of septocutaneous vessel imaging for free flap surgery. Challenges in fibula free flap preparation include knowledge of: (1) tibioperoneal anatomy, (2) the positions(More)
The cutaneous arterial circulation of the face lift flap was investigated using multiple anatomic techniques in fresh cadaver specimens. Perforation sites of the transverse facial and submental arteries were preserved or transected according to protocol during bilateral rhytidectomy prior to selective injections with ink or lead oxide. It was observed that(More)
The platysma musculocutaneous flap has been used in 24 patients for reconstruction in the head and neck area. In 22 patients, the superior vascular pedicle, the submental branch of the facial artery, was used, and in two other patients, the inferior pedicle, the superficial branch of the transverse cervical artery, was used. Twelve patients had(More)