Stephen J. Lemon

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OBJECTIVES To identify predictors of utilization of breast-ovarian cancer susceptibility (BRCA1 gene) testing and to evaluate outcomes of participation in a testing program. DESIGN Prospective cohort study with baseline interview assessment of predictor variables (eg, sociodemographic factors, knowledge about hereditary cancer and genetic testing,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) reportedly have better prognoses than sporadic colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients, but it has been unclear whether this could be due to differences in stage at diagnosis. The current study compared stage and survival in a retrospective cohort of HNPCC family members who developed(More)
PURPOSE This clinical case review aimed to identify phenotypic variations in colorectal and extracolonic cancer expression between hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) families with MLH1 and MSH2 germline mutations and the general population. METHODS Colorectal cancer onset and site distribution were compared among 67 members of MLH1(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of the BRCA1 gene is a powerful tool for predicting a patient's lifetime risk for carcinoma of the breast and ovary when she has hereditary breast/ovarian carcinoma (HBOC) syndrome. The process of BRCA1 testing and genetic counseling and participants' reactions to test results, are described. METHODS Education about the(More)
The cause of pancreatic cancer remains elusive. The most consistently identified epidemiological risk factor is cigarette smoking. Genetic factors are known to play a significant role in perhaps 5% of the total pancreatic cancer burden. Recent discoveries in molecular biology, particularly germline mutations in inherited conditions which feature pancreatic(More)
A male member of a large HNPCC kindred, affected by primary malignancies of the breast and colon, was identified. This individual was found to harbor a germline mutation of the MLH1 mismatch repair gene previously shown to segregate with disease in this kindred. The breast tumor exhibited somatic reduction to homozygosity for the MLH1 mutation, and(More)
Mismatch repair deficiency is a characteristic molecular finding in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), and has been demonstrated in both colorectal cancers and benign adenomas. Endometrial and ovarian cancers are common extracolonic tumors in this syndrome; however, few studies have investigated whether genetic changes occur in(More)
Computer-based data mining methodology applied to family history clinical data can algorithmically create highly accurate, clinically oriented hereditary disease pattern recognizers. For the example of hereditary colon cancer, the data mining's selection of relevant factors to assess for hereditary colon cancer was statistically significant (P < 0.05). All(More)
We estimate that 5-10% of virtually all forms of cancer are due to a primary hereditary etiology. However, a hereditary cancer diagnosis is often missed because the family history of cancer is given short shrift in medical practice. Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) certainly fits this estimate, although some studies suggest that a minimum(More)