Stephen J. Garger

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Historically, the study of plant viruses has contributed greatly to the elucidation of eukaryotic biology. Recently, concurrent with the development of viruses into expression vectors, the biotechnology industry has developed an increasing number of disease therapies utilizing recombinant proteins. Plant virus vectors are viewed as a viable option for(More)
Plants have been proposed as an attractive alternative for pharmaceutical protein production to current mammalian or microbial cell-based systems. Eukaryotic protein processing coupled with reduced production costs and low risk for mammalian pathogen contamination and other impurities have led many to predict that agricultural systems may offer the next(More)
A linear mitochondrial plasmid reported to be associated with cytoplasmic male sterility in the genus Brassica was analyzed. A protein was found to be associated with the 5′ ends of the plasmid. The entire plasmid was cloned by the homopolymer tailing technique via free hydroxyl groups present at its 3′ ends. DNA sequence analysis of the cloned plasmid(More)
Plant-made vaccines have been the subject of intense interest because they can be produced economically in large scale without the use of animal-derived components. Plant-made therapeutic vaccines against challenging chronic diseases, such as cancer, have received little research attention, and no previous human clinical trials have been conducted in this(More)
Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is an essential enzyme that hydrolyzes triglycerides (TGs) and cholesteryl esters (CEs) in lysosomes. Genetic LAL mutations lead to Wolman disease (WD) and cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD). An LAL-null (lal(-/-)) mouse model resembles human WD/CESD with storage of CEs and TGs in multiple organs. Human LAL (hLAL) was(More)
A procedure for rapid, preparative purification of plasmid DNA is described and compared with a conventional equilibrium centrifugation method. A discontinuous, two-step CsCl-ethidium bromide gradient is used, with the starting position of the plasmid-containing extract being at the bottom of the tube. During centrifugation in a fixed angle rotor,(More)
The cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) trait of at least one line of Vicia faba plants is always associated with the presence of high molecular weight double-stranded RNA in the leaf tissue extracts. Subcellular fractions of leaf tissue from CMS and fertile maintainer plants were initially analyzed in an attempt to locate, identify, and characterize the(More)
The trait of cytoplasmic male sterility, expressed in plants bearing the 447 cytoplasm of Vicia faba, is uniquely and positively correlated with the presence of a linear double-stranded RNA molecule (dsRNA) 16.7 kb in size. Restriction enzyme digestion profiles of mitochondrial DNA isolated from fertile and cytoplasmic malesterile (CMS) lines do show a(More)
We have cloned and functionally expressed a tyrosinase gene from Streptomyces antibioticus in Escherichia coli under the control of an inducible bacteriophage T7 promoter. Recombinant E. coli cells containing the induced tyrosinase gene produced melanin pigments on agar plates and in liquid culture when supplemented with copper and tyrosine. The expression(More)
BAY 81-8973 is a full-length, unmodified recombinant human factor VIII (FVIII) approved for the treatment of hemophilia A. BAY 81-8973 has the same amino acid sequence as the currently marketed sucrose-formulated recombinant FVIII (rFVIII-FS) product and is produced using additional advanced manufacturing technologies. One of the key manufacturing advances(More)