Stephen J. Fowler

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The rapid, accurate and non-invasive diagnosis of respiratory disease represents a challenge to clinicians, and the development of new treatments can be confounded by insufficient knowledge of lung disease phenotypes. Exhaled breath contains a complex mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), some of which could potentially represent biomarkers for lung(More)
Understanding and predicting whether new drug candidates will be safe in the clinic is a critical hurdle in pharmaceutical development, that relies in part on absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicology studies in vivo. Zebrafish is a relatively new model system for drug metabolism and toxicity studies, offering whole organism screening(More)
Breath-based metabolomics (breathomics) is an exciting developing area of biotechnology that centers on the capture, identification, and quantification of volatile organic compound (VOC) patterns in human breath and their utilization as tools in the diagnosis of a broad spectrum of medical problems. With the age of personalized medicines demanding rapid(More)
In human metabolic profiling studies, between-subject variability is often the dominant feature and can mask the potential classifications of clinical interest. Conventional models such as principal component analysis (PCA) are usually not effective in such situations and it is therefore highly desirable to find a suitable model which is able to discover(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive phenotyping of chronic respiratory diseases would be highly beneficial in the personalised medicine of the future. Volatile organic compounds can be measured in the exhaled breath and may be produced or altered by disease processes. We investigated whether distinct patterns of these compounds were present in chronic obstructive(More)
Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is a key feature of asthma and may be measured by direct methacholine challenge or indirect adenosine monophosphate (AMP) challenge. We performed a retrospective analysis of our database (n ϭ 487) of patients with asthma with the aim first, to compare methacholine and AMP challenge as screening tools, and second, to(More)
BACKGROUND Healthcare associated infections, including ventilator associated pneumonia, are difficult to diagnose and treat, and are associated with significant morbidity, mortality and cost. We aimed to demonstrate proof of concept that breath volatile profiles were associated with the presence of clinically relevant pathogens in the lower respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND : We investigated the effects of sensitization and exposure to common domestic allergens on longitudinal changes in lung function and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. METHODS : Subjects attended 2 visits that were 4 years apart. Skin prick testing was performed and household dust samples were collected for quantification of mite, dog, and cat(More)
Today, 31 countries operate ∼ 450 nuclear power reactors supplying electric power to ∼ 1 billion people, ∼ 15% of the world population. Nuclear reactors generate ∼ 17% of global electric power needs and a number of industrialized countries depend on nuclear power for at least half of their electricity. In addition, ∼ 30 nuclear power reactors are presently(More)