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The rapid, accurate and non-invasive diagnosis of respiratory disease represents a challenge to clinicians, and the development of new treatments can be confounded by insufficient knowledge of lung disease phenotypes. Exhaled breath contains a complex mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), some of which could potentially represent biomarkers for lung(More)
Inflammatory lung diseases are highly complex in respect of pathogenesis and relationships between inflammation, clinical disease and response to treatment. Sophisticated large-scale analytical methods to quantify gene expression (transcriptomics), proteins (proteomics), lipids (lipidomics) and metabolites (metabolomics) in the lungs, blood and urine are(More)
BACKGROUND Breath volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may be useful for asthma diagnosis and phenotyping, identifying patients who could benefit from personalised therapeutic strategies. The authors aimed to identify specific patterns of breath VOCs in patients with asthma and in clinically relevant disease phenotypes. METHODS Breath samples were analysed(More)
BACKGROUND With the transition to hydrofluoroalkane-134a propellants in metered dose inhalers, it is important to consider the efficacy and safety profiles of formulations containing inhaled corticosteroids. We examined the airway and systemic effects of hydrofluoroalkane-134a fluticasone propionate (FLU-HFA) and beclomethasone dipropionate (BEC-HFA) at(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive phenotyping of chronic respiratory diseases would be highly beneficial in the personalised medicine of the future. Volatile organic compounds can be measured in the exhaled breath and may be produced or altered by disease processes. We investigated whether distinct patterns of these compounds were present in chronic obstructive(More)
The ability of rats to select a warm environment was studied as a function of postnatal age (birth to 13 days). Animals younger than 5 days demonstrated no choice response (movement to a warm compartment, 36-37 degrees C); however, they did demonstrate movement within the start compartment (23 degrees C). Increasing the motor capabilities of the pups, by(More)
Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is a key feature of asthma and may be measured by direct methacholine challenge or indirect adenosine monophosphate (AMP) challenge. We performed a retrospective analysis of our database (n = 487) of patients with asthma with the aim first, to compare methacholine and AMP challenge as screening tools, and second, to(More)
BACKGROUND There is a relatively steep dose-response curve for effects of inhaled corticosteroids on conventional airway markers of asthmatic disease control. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether a dose-response effect exists for bronchial hyperresponsiveness. METHODS A meta-analysis of placebo-controlled trials in asthmatic patients was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Mucus retention in the lungs is a prominent feature of bronchiectasis. The stagnant mucus becomes chronically colonised with bacteria, which elicit a host neutrophilic response. This fails to eliminate the bacteria, and the large concentration of host-derived protease may contribute to the airway damage. The sensation of retained mucus is itself(More)