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A color television display was used to measure thresholds for mixtures of red and green on a white background; red and green components could be either incremental, decremental or zero. Ellipses are fitted to a plot of green contrast as a function of red contrast, and it is argued that the length of the ellipse is a measure of red-green color discrimination(More)
We investigated the effect of color-vision deficiency on reaction times and accuracy of identification of traffic light signals. Participants were 20 color-normal and 49 color-deficient males, the latter divided into subgroups of different severity and type. Participants performed a tracking task. At random intervals, stimuli simulating standard traffic(More)
A previous study identified a significant metamerism in the several editions of the Hardy-Rand-Rittller pseudoisochromatic plates (HRR) but did not proceed to quantify the consequences of that metamerism (Dain, 2004). Metamerism arises from two sources and is almost inevitable when a printed color vision test is reproduced in several editions. Metamerism(More)
Chromatic, spatial, and temporal losses of sensitivity were measured in 15 eyes of 10 patients with recovered optic neuritis. Chromatic sensitivities (for both red-green and blue-yellow) were measured using color-mixture thresholds; the chromatic sensitivity loss was classified as "selective" if it was significantly greater than the achromatic loss. Spatial(More)
Specific deficits in the processing of transient visual stimuli have been identified in reading disabled children. It has, separately, been suggested that suitably chosen coloured lenses can be used to assist reading disabled children but this is controversial. To assess an hypothesis as to how coloured lenses might remediate visual processing, this study(More)
The exploitation of predator signals by potential prey is well researched, but relatively little is known about how predators exploit chemical cues (either deliberate signals or waste by-products) produced by their prey. In Finland, the urine of some small rodents ( Microtus spp. and Clethrionomys spp.) is reflective in the ultraviolet range of wavelengths,(More)
A method is described for identifying polarity in Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue test data. The method is facilitated by the use of a micro-computer and involves the plotting of "averaged" scores for each cap of the test. Results are presented for 30 protanopes, 30 deuteranopes, 1 tritanope and 2 typical rod monochromats. Analysis of the results shows that the(More)
A color television display can be used to determine color and brightness discrimination thresholds using identical adaptation conditions and experimental technique. The color discrimination threshold is measured by using an equiluminous test spot--i.e. one which differs in color from the surrounding screen but has the same luminance. Because there is no(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that the differences in macular pigment between Asian and Caucasian eyes might give rise to different performance on the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue test. However, the study did not appear to account adequately for the observation that differences were apparent only in older age groups. It was also acknowledged that other(More)