Stephen J. Briggs

Learn More
Nicotine has been found in a variety of studies to improve performance in memory tasks. This study was conducted to determine if chronic nicotine administration is useful in counteracting the working memory deficits seen after lesions of the fimbria or the medial basalocortical projection. Rats were trained to asymptotic performance on a working memory(More)
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy has been shown in a variety of studies to be associated with cognitive deficits in the children. Nicotine administration to rats during gestation has been found to cause subtle cognitive effects in the offspring. Some individual differences in cognitive impairment may be related to prenatal nicotine effects on(More)
A variety of studies have found that nicotine improves working memory function. However, other studies have either not found improvements or have found nicotine-induced deficits. The demands of the particular memory test may be critical for the expression of the nicotine effects. In several studies, we have found that chronic nicotine administration(More)
In humans and animal models there is evidence that prenatal nicotine exposure causes lasting deficits in cognitive performance. The current study examined the cognitive effects of prenatal exposure of rats to 2 mg/kg/day of nicotine. This dose did not cause significant deficits in maternal weight gain, offspring litter size, or pup weight. The control(More)
Three patients with localized hypertrophic neuropathy ( LHN ) had a painless, slowly progressive mononeuropathy over many years, resulting in severe focal neurologic deficit. Grossly, the affected nerves showed a fusiform enlargement. Histologically, there was loss of nerve fibers, disorganization of the fascicular pattern, and proliferation of elongated(More)
Nicotine has been found in a variety of species and behavioral paradigms to improve memory performance. The beneficial effect of nicotine has been seen after both acute and chronic administration. Interestingly, improved performance has been seen 24 h after acute injection and for at least 2 weeks after chronic administration. However, it is not clear from(More)
This study evaluates the recall of 100 patients after ICU admission. There was a wide spectrum of race, religion, occupation, and educational levels. The more common diagnoses included asthma, pneumonia, trauma, and adult respiratory distress syndrome. The average Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) score was 12.3, and 68% of the(More)
The nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine has been found to impair working memory performance in the radial-arm maze (RAM) after s.c. or i.c.v. administration. Mecamylamine has important interactions with dopaminergic (DA) systems. Mecamylamine-induced memory deficits in the RAM are potentiated by the D2 antagonist raclopride and reversed by the D2 agonist(More)
We report a case of common peroneal mononeuropathy caused by an intraneural ganglion in a 9-year-old boy. The mass and the contiguous nerve fascicles were excised under the operating microscope. Histologically, the cyst wall was composed of layers of elongated cells merging with fascicles that exhibited changes suggestive of a pressure-ischemia effect.(More)
Chronic nicotine administration can decrease food consumption and body weight. Abrupt withdrawal from nicotine can cause the reverse effect, hyperphagia and rapid weight gain. In the current study, the efficacy of sertraline, a serotonin reuptake inhibitor, on nicotine withdrawal-induced hyperphagia and rapid weight gain was assessed in rats. Sertraline was(More)