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An overview of the results of the Australian Burden of Disease (ABD) study is presented. The ABD study was the first to use methodology developed for the Global Burden of Disease study to measure the burden of disease and injury in a developed country. In 1996, mental disorders were the main causes of disability burden, responsible for nearly 30% of total(More)
This is an overview of the first burden of disease and injury studies carried out in Australia. Methods developed for the World Bank and World Health Organization Global Burden of Disease Study were adapted and applied to Australian population health data. Depression was found to be the top-ranking cause of non-fatal disease burden in Australia, causing 8%(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the magnitude and distribution of health problems in Australia, in order to identify key opportunities for health gain. DESIGN Descriptive epidemiological models for a comprehensive set of diseases and injuries of public health importance in Australia were developed using a range of data sources, methods and assumptions. Health loss(More)
BACKGROUND Disparities in health status between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the total Australian population have been documented in a fragmentary manner using disparate health outcome measures. METHODS We applied the burden of disease approach to national population health datasets and Indigenous-specific epidemiological studies. The(More)
BACKGROUND Burden of disease studies have been implemented in many countries using the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) to assess major health problems. Important objectives of the study were to quantify intra-country differentials in health outcomes and to place the United States situation in the international context. METHODS We applied methods(More)
BACKGROUND The disability-adjusted life year index is used extensively to compare disease burden among diseases and locations, but difficulties remain in accurately estimating the nonfatal stroke burden in years lived with disability. AIMS To improve stroke-related years lived with disability estimates in Western Australia for 2000, by improving the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the patterns of use of cardiac rehabilitation in Victoria and to assess whether the survival benefits predicted in clinical trials have been realised in the community. DESIGN Cohort study based on data linkage. PARTICIPANTS All patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or(More)
BACKGROUND Reliable information on causes of death is a fundamental component of health development strategies, yet globally only about one-third of countries have access to such information. For countries currently without adequate mortality reporting systems there are useful models other than resource-intensive population-wide medical certification.(More)