Stephen I. Rennard

19Xiangde Liu
7Tadashi Kohyama
7Fu-Qiang Wen
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BACKGROUND The long-term efficacy and safety of aclidinium bromide, a novel, long-acting muscarinic antagonist, were investigated in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS In two double-blind, 52-week studies, ACCLAIM/COPD I (n=843) and II (n=804), patients were randomised to inhaled aclidinium 200 μg or(More)
There is considerable variability in the susceptibility of smokers to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The only known genetic risk factor is severe deficiency of alpha(1)-antitrypsin, which is present in 1-2% of individuals with COPD. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a homogenous case-control cohort from Bergen,(More)
BACKGROUND Because chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous condition, the identification of specific clinical phenotypes is key to developing more effective therapies. To explore if the persistence of systemic inflammation is associated with poor clinical outcomes in COPD we assessed patients recruited to the well-characterized(More)
BACKGROUND As chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease it is unlikely that all patients will benefit equally from a given therapy. Roflumilast, an oral, once-daily phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, has been shown to improve lung function in moderate and severe COPD but its effect on exacerbations in unselected populations was(More)
  • Stephen I. Rennard, Donald P. Tashkin, Jennifer McElhattan, Mitchell Goldman, Sulabha Ramachandran, Ubaldo J. Martin +1 other
  • 2009
Background: Combination therapy with a long-acting bronchodilator and an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) is recommended in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who have frequent exacerbations. The efficacy and tolerability of the combination of budesonide/formoterol have been demonstrated in patients with COPD when administered via the(More)
Bone marrow (stem/progenitor) cells have been shown to "differentiate" into cells in multiple tissues, including lung. A low number of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells also circulate in peripheral blood. The physiologic roles of these cells are still uncertain. This study was designed to test, using parabiotic mice that were joined surgically, whether(More)
Apoptosis of lung structural cells is crucial in the process of normal tissue repair. Insufficient apoptosis of lung fibroblasts may contribute to the development of fibrosis. Since the CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) is associated with fibrotic disease and the cytokine IL-6 blocks apoptosis in many cell types, we hypothesized that CCL2 may contribute to the(More)
NicVAX, a nicotine vaccine (3'AmNic-rEPA), has been clinically evaluated to determine whether higher antibody (Ab) concentrations are associated with higher smoking abstinence rates and whether dosages and frequency of administration are associated with increased Ab response. This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled multicenter clinical trial (N(More)
Therapies that mitigate the fibrotic process may be able to slow progressive loss of function in many lung diseases. Because cyclic adenosine monophosphate is known to regulate fibroblasts, the current study was designed to evaluate the activity of selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on two in vitro fibroblast responses: chemotaxis and contraction(More)
Cigarette smoke exposure has been associated with a variety of diseases, including emphysema. The current study evaluated the interaction of cell density and cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on fibroblast contraction of collagen gels. Protein levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, fibronectin, PGE(2), and TGF-beta1 mRNA were quantified. Although(More)