Stephen Helmke

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Peak oxygen consumption (VO(2) ) during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a powerful predictor of survival, providing an indirect assessment of cardiac output (CO). Noninvasive indices of CO derived from bioreactance methodology would add significantly to peak VO(2) as a means of risk-stratifying patients with heart failure. In this study, 127(More)
Placebo-controlled clinical trials are useful for identifying the dose of a drug candidate that produces a meaningful clinical response in a patient population. Currently, Pfizer, Inc. is enrolling a 400-person clinical trial to test the efficacy of 20 or 80 mg of tafamidis to ameliorate transthyretin (TTR)-associated cardiomyopathy using clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate assessment of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and ventricular geometry is important, especially in patients with heart failure (HF). The aim of this study was to compare the assessment of ventricular size and geometry by 2D and 3D echocardiography in normotensive controls and among HF patients with a normal and a reduced ejection(More)
BACKGROUND ATTR cardiac amyloidosis can result from a mutated variant of transthyretin (eg, V122I) or wild-type variant (ATTRwt). We evaluated pressure-volume (PV) indices at baseline and over time to further characterize abnormal pump function in these subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-nine subjects (18 with ATTRwt and 11 with ATTRm (V122I) had(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia is a common comorbidity in older adults with heart failure and a preserved ejection fraction and is associated with worse outcomes. We hypothesized that treating anemia with subcutaneous epoetin alfa would be associated with reverse ventricular remodeling and improved exercise capacity and health status compared with placebo. METHODS AND(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) cardiac amyloidosis is an important, often under-recognized and potentially modifiable cause of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction. The only proven treatment is liver or combined heart/liver transplantation, which, although effective, is not suitable for the vast majority of older adults with this condition. Diflunisal, a(More)
The transthyretin (TTR) amyloidoses are a group of degenerative diseases caused by TTR aggregation, requiring rate-limiting tetramer dissociation. Kinetic stabilization of TTR, by preferential binding of a drug to the native tetramer over the dissociative transition state, dramatically slows the progression of familial amyloid polyneuropathy. An established(More)
BACKGROUND Hyporesponders to erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) have been associated with an increased subsequent risk of death or cardiovascular events. We hypothesized that subjects who are hyporesponsive to erythropoietin alfa would have higher plasma volumes and lower red cell deficits than subjects who are responsive to therapy. METHODS As part(More)
Cardiac amyloidosis is a cause of diastolic heart failure in which ejection fraction (EF) remains "normal" despite progression of disease. The myocardial contraction fraction (MCF) is an index of myocardial function, defined as stroke volume (SV) over myocardial volume (MV). We hypothesized that MCF would be superior to EF, the conventional measure of left(More)