Stephen H Howell

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Jasmonic acid and its methyl ester, methyl jasmonate (MeJA), are plant signaling molecules that affect plant growth and gene expression. Primary root growth of wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings was inhibited 50% when seedlings were grown on agar medium containing 0.1 M MeJA. An ethyl methanesulfonate mutant (jar1) with decreased sensitivity to MeJA(More)
Stress agents known to elicit the unfolded protein response in Arabidopsis thaliana upregulate the expression of a constellation of genes dependent on the membrane-associated basic domain/leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor, bZIP28. Among the stress-activated genes, a consensus promoter sequence corresponding to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)(More)
The luciferase gene from the firefly, Photinus pyralis, was used as a reporter of gene expression by light production in transfected plant cells and transgenic plants. A complementary DNA clone of the firefly luciferase gene under the control of a plant virus promoter (cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA promoter) was introduced into plant protoplast cells(More)
Stresses leading to the accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) elicit a highly conserved ER stress response in plants called the unfolded protein response (UPR). While the response itself is well documented in plants, the components of the signaling pathway are less well known. We have identified three membrane-associated basic(More)
We describe a signaling pathway that mediates salt stress responses in Arabidopsis. The response is mechanistically related to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress responses described in mammalian systems. Such responses involve processing and relocation to the nucleus of ER membrane-associated transcription factors to activate stress response genes. The salt(More)
Shoots can be regenerated from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) root explants in tissue culture through a two-step process requiring preincubation on an auxin-rich callus induction medium. Regenerating tissues can be directed along different developmental pathways leading to the formation of shoots, new roots, or callus by transferring to the appropriate(More)
Adverse environmental conditions produce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in plants. In response to heat or ER stress agents, Arabidopsis seedlings mitigate stress damage by activating ER-associated transcription factors and a RNA splicing factor, IRE1b. IRE1b splices the mRNA-encoding bZIP60, a basic leucine-zipper domain containing transcription factor(More)
Light induction of light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (LHCP) mRNA accumulation was studied in light-dark synchronized cultures of Chlamydomonas reinhardi. LHCP mRNA accumulation was prevented by the chlorophyll-synthesis inhibitor alpha,alpha-dipyridyl which blocks late steps in the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway and leads to the(More)
Arabidopsis shoots regenerate from root explants in tissue culture through a two-step process requiring preincubation on an auxin-rich callus induction medium (CIM) followed by incubation on a cytokinin-rich shoot induction medium (SIM). During CIM preincubation, root explants acquire competence to respond to shoot induction signals. During CIM(More)
The genetic control of gene expression during shoot development in Arabidopsis thaliana was analyzed by combining quantitative trait loci (QTL) and microarray analysis. Using oligonucleotide array data from 30 recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross of Columbia and Landsberg erecta ecotypes, the Arabidopsis genome was scanned for marker-by-gene(More)