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The critical role of the liver in the resolution of systemic bacterial infections is well documented. In the case of Listeria monocytogenes, approximately 60% of bacteria inoculated i.v. into mice are recovered in the liver at 10 min after infection. Here we report that the Listeria recovered at 10 min were distributed equally among the hepatocyte and(More)
Most bacteria that enter the bloodstream are taken up by the liver. Previously, we reported that such organisms are initially bound extracellularly and subsequently killed by immigrating neutrophils, not Kupffer cells as widely presumed in the literature. Rather, the principal functions of Kupffer cells demonstrated herein are to clear bacteria from the(More)
We previously reported that the bulk of Listeria monocytogenes injected intravenously into mice is taken up in the liver and replicates within the parenchymal cells (hepatocytes). Although IFN-gamma is known to play an important role in host defenses to listerial infections of the liver, the mechanism(s) that underlies this role remains to be fully(More)
Hepatitis C virus, a small single-stranded RNA virus, is a major cause of chronic liver disease. Resolution of primary hepatitis C virus infections depends upon the vigorous responses of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells to multiple viral epitopes. Although such broad CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses are readily detected early during the course of infection(More)
Although studies have shown increased evidence of death receptor-driven apoptosis in intestinal lymphoid cells, splenocytes, and the liver following the onset of polymicrobial sepsis, little is known about the mediators controlling this process or their pathologic contribution. We therefore attempted to test the hypothesis that the hydrodynamic(More)
Biliary obstruction results in a well-characterized cholestatic inflammatory and fibrogenic process; however, the mechanisms and potential for liver repair remain unclear. We previously demonstrated that Kupffer cell depletion reduces polymorphonuclear cell (neutrophil) (PMN) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)8 levels in repairing liver. We therefore(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) leading to respiratory distress is a common sequela of shock/trauma, however, modeling this process in mice with a single shock or septic event is inconsistent. One explanation is that hemorrhage is often just a "priming insult," thus, secondary stimuli may be required to "trigger" ALI. To test this we carried out studies in which we(More)
Most bacteria that enter the bloodstream are taken up and eliminated within the liver. The specific mechanisms that underlie the role of the liver in the resolution of systemic bacterial infections remain to be determined. The vast majority of studies undertaken to date have focused on the function of resident tissue macrophages (Kupffer cells) that line(More)
Kupffer cells were the principal source of IL-6 produced in the livers of mice following i.v. inoculation of Listeria monocytogenes. IL-6 mRNA expression and the production of IL-6 were reduced drastically within the nonparenchymal liver cell population derived from mice rendered Kupffer cell depleted by pretreatment with liposome-encapsulated(More)