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Human serum albumin (HSA) is an abundant plasma protein that is responsible for the transport of fatty acids. HSA also binds and perturbs the pharmacokinetics of a wide range of drug compounds. Binding studies have revealed significant interactions between fatty acid and drug-binding sites on albumin but high-resolution structural information on ligand(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) is the most abundant protein in the circulatory system. Its principal function is to transport fatty acids, but it is also capable of binding a great variety of metabolites and drugs. Despite intensive efforts, the detailed structural basis of fatty acid binding to HSA has remained elusive. We have now determined the crystal(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) is an abundant plasma protein that binds a remarkably wide range of drugs, thereby restricting their free, active concentrations. The problem of overcoming the binding affinity of lead compounds for HSA represents a major challenge in drug development. Crystallographic analysis of 17 different complexes of HSA with a wide variety(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) is an abundant plasma protein that transports a wide variety of drugs and endogenous compounds. The complex binding capacity of HSA has made it a challenging system to study in detail but in order to develop our understanding of the interactions between ligands for HSA, the locations and relative affinities of different ligand(More)
Polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB), an RNA binding protein containing four RNA recognition motifs (RRMs), is involved in both pre-mRNA splicing and translation initiation directed by picornaviral internal ribosome entry sites. Sequence comparisons previously indicated that PTB is a non-canonical RRM protein. The solution structure of a PTB fragment(More)
Upon interacting with its receptor, poliovirus undergoes conformational changes that are implicated in cell entry, including the externalization of the viral protein VP4 and the N terminus of VP1. We have determined the structures of native virions and of two putative cell entry intermediates, the 135S and 80S particles, at approximately 22-A resolution by(More)
The polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB) is an important regulator of alternative splicing that also affects mRNA localization, stabilization, polyadenylation, and translation. NMR structural analysis of the N-terminal half of PTB (residues 55-301) shows a canonical structure for RRM1 but reveals novel extensions to the beta strands and C terminus of(More)
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY 4.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Funding: The authors have no funding or support to report.(More)
BACKGROUND Human serum albumin (HSA) is an abundant plasma protein that binds a wide variety of hydrophobic ligands including fatty acids, bilirubin, thyroxine and hemin. Although HSA-heme complexes do not bind oxygen reversibly, it may be possible to develop modified HSA proteins or heme groups that will confer this ability on the complex. RESULTS We(More)
BACKGROUND Picornaviruses are responsible for a wide range of mammalian diseases and, in common with other RNA viruses, show considerable antigenic variation. Foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDVs) constitute one genus of the picornavirus family and are classified into seven serotypes, each of which shows considerable intratypic variation. This antigenic(More)