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Probabilistic soft logic (PSL) is a framework for collective, probabilistic reasoning in relational domains. PSL uses first order logic rules as a template language for graphical models over random variables with soft truth values from the interval [0, 1]. Inference in this setting is a continuous optimization task, which can be solved efficiently. This(More)
This paper introduces hinge-loss Markov random fields (HL-MRFs), a new class of probabilistic graphical models particularly well-suited to large-scale structured prediction and learning. We derive HL-MRFs by unifying and then generalizing three different approaches to scalable inference in structured models: (1) randomized algorithms for MAX SAT, (2) local(More)
To cope with concept drift, we paired a stable online learner with a reactive one. A stable learner predicts based on all of its experience, whereas are active learner predicts based on its experience over a short, recent window of time. The method of paired learning uses differences in accuracy between the two learners over this window to determine when to(More)
Graphical models for structured domains are powerful tools, but the computational complexities of combinatorial prediction spaces can force restrictions on models, or require approximate inference in order to be tractable. Instead of working in a combina-torial space, we use hinge-loss Markov random fields (HL-MRFs), an expressive class of graphical models(More)
Probabilistic graphical models are powerful tools for analyzing constrained, continuous domains. However, finding most-probable explanations (MPEs) in these models can be computationally expensive. In this paper, we improve the scala-bility of MPE inference in a class of graphical models with piecewise-linear and piecewise-quadratic dependencies and linear(More)
The publication of Alfonso Mejía's landmark study of physician and nurse migration in the late 1970s remains the most detailed analysis of the flows and stocks of the physician and nurse workforce , incorporating data from more than 40 countries (1). The study was undertaken by WHO because, as Mejía notes, " anxiety evoked by migration had reached a peak in(More)
This study has been prepared within the UNU-WIDER project on the International Mobility of Talent. UNU-WIDER especially thanks ECLAC (United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santiago, Chile) for its vital cooperation on the coordination of the project. UNU-WIDER also acknowledges with thanks the financial contributions to its(More)
We prove the equivalence of first-order local consistency relaxations and the MAX SAT relaxation of Goemans and Williamson (1994) for a class of MRFs we refer to as logical MRFs. This allows us to combine the advantages of each into a single MAP inference technique: solving the local consistency relaxation with any of a number of highly scal-able(More)