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Dynorphin peptides and k-opioid receptor are important in the rewarding effects of drugs of abuse such as heroin. This study examined potential association between heroin dependence and four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of prodynorphin (PDYN) gene (rs35286281 in promoter region and rs1022563, rs2235749, rs910080 in 3'UTR). Participants included(More)
Experimental evidence suggests the involvement of the brain dopaminergic system in learning and memory processes, although the associated molecular mechanism has yet to be fully characterized. Memory formation occurs via a number of signaling pathways associated with activation of many synaptic plasticity-related proteins, including the N-Methyl-D-aspartic(More)
This study examined the early neurohumoral events in the progression of congestive heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. Immediately after MI was induced by coronary artery ligation, rats had severely depressed left ventricular systolic function and increased left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV). Both left ventricular(More)
The mineralocorticoid (MC) receptor antagonist spironolactone (SL) improves morbidity and mortality in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). We tested the hypothesis that the central nervous system actions of SL contribute to its beneficial effects. SL (100 ng/h for 28 days) or ethanol vehicle (VEH) was administered intracerebroventricularly or(More)
All normal cells in culture display a limited capacity to divide and eventually undergo an irreversible growth arrest known as replicative cellular senescence. The development of cellular immortality has been implicated as an important factor in the progression of human cancers. Expression of telomerase has been shown to elicit a bypass of senescence and(More)
Dergulation of c-myc and mutation of ras genes is commonly found in many human tumors. Several lines of evidence indicate that c-Myc and oncogenic Ras cooperate in causing malignant transformation, but the mechanism of this cooperation is not understood. We set out to investigate the effect on transformation of a modest reduction in endogenous c-Myc(More)
The serotoninergic (5-HT) system regulates neuronal activity in broad brain regions, and appears to be particularly important for modulating behavioral and physiological functions such as mood, emotion, sleep and appetite. Central 5-HT deregulation may be involved in many neuropsychological disorders, which include substance abuse and addiction. Previous(More)
Running title: In vitro and in vivo characterization of alisertib [maximum 50 characters; currently 50] Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. Abstract word count: 248 words [Max 250]
Recent studies indicate the involvement of dopamine receptors D1 and D3 in the regulation of locomotor stimulant and conditioned responses to morphine in mice. Moreover, expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may be modulated by D1 and D3 receptor activities in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and prefrontal cortex (PFC). However, the underlying(More)
The effect of electrical stimulation of afferent renal nerve (ARN) on cardiovascular response, the synthesis and release of vasopressin were studied in rabbits. During the course of the experiment, the pathway of ARN to central nerve system was also analyzed. The results showed that electrical stimulation of ARN elicited significantly decrease of mean(More)