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OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia is associated with deficits in higher-order processing of visual information. This study evaluated the integrity of early visual processing in order to evaluate the overall pattern of visual dysfunction in schizophrenia. METHOD Steady-state visual-evoked potential responses were recorded over the occipital cortex in patients with(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common cause of blindness in older individuals. To accelerate the understanding of AMD biology and help design new therapies, we executed a collaborative genome-wide association study, including >17,100 advanced AMD cases and >60,000 controls of European and Asian ancestry. We identified 19 loci associated at P <(More)
We executed a genome-wide association scan for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in 2,157 cases and 1,150 controls. Our results validate AMD susceptibility loci near CFH (P < 10(-75)), ARMS2 (P < 10(-59)), C2/CFB (P < 10(-20)), C3 (P < 10(-9)), and CFI (P < 10(-6)). We compared our top findings with the Tufts/Massachusetts General Hospital genome-wide(More)
Advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly, with limited therapeutic options. Here we report on a study of >12 million variants, including 163,714 directly genotyped, mostly rare, protein-altering variants. Analyzing 16,144 patients and 17,832 controls, we identify 52 independently associated common and(More)
PURPOSE The majority of patients with exudative maculopathy due to age-related macular degeneration present with poorly defined or occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV) that cannot be imaged adequately by fluorescein angiography. Digital indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography is a new technique that allows enhanced imaging of these poorly defined or(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the incidence, management, and outcome of retained lens fragments following resident-performed cataract extraction. METHODS A retrospective review of all eyes undergoing cataract extraction by the residents of Baylor College of Medicine over a 4-year time frame (July/95-June/99). RESULTS A total of 3389 eyes underwent cataract(More)
BACKGROUND Elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) following injection of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) is an important clinical problem. The etiology of the steroid response is poorly understood, although a genetic determinant has long been suspected. We performed a pharmacogenomic association study with glucocorticoid receptor polymorphisms.(More)
Diabetic macular edema (DME) remains an important cause of visual loss. Although anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents are generally used as first-line treatments for patients with center-involving DME, there is an important role for corticosteroids as well. Corticosteroids may be especially useful in pseudophakic patients poorly responsive(More)
Diabetic retinopathy remains a major cause of worldwide preventable blindness. Measures to avoid blindness include medical management (control of blood sugar, blood pressure, and serum lipids) and ocular management (laser photocoagulation and pars plana vitrectomy). Adjunctive pharmacologic therapies (intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide and anti-vascular(More)