Stephen G.S. Vreden

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OBJECTIVE Evaluation of the extent and possible causes of the increased incidence of tuberculosis among Amazonian Indians in Surinam. DESIGN Descriptive. METHOD In two cross-sectional surveys in 1998 and 2000, the inhabitants of Kwamalasamutu, a village of Trio-Indians in Surinam, were examined for the presence of active and latent tuberculosis.(More)
BACKGROUND No somatic treatment has been found to be effective for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Antidepressant therapy is commonly used. Fluoxetine is recommended in preference to tricyclic agents because it has fewer sedative and autonomic nervous system effects. However, there have been no randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind studies showing(More)
Human-to-human transmission of Entamoeba histolytica is rare in industrialized countries. We describe an outbreak of amebiasis in a family in The Netherlands, demonstrating that even with Western standards of hygiene, persistent cyst passage may result in the transmission of E. histolytica to household contacts. If E. histolytica is isolated from a person(More)
The effect of induction of an acute-phase response and its mediators on the development of liver schizonts of the rodent malaria parasite Plasmodium berghei was investigated in Brown Norway rats. Subcutaneous injection of turpentine oil 24 h or 5 min before inoculation of sporozoites resulted in 80% and 35% reduction of schizont development, respectively.(More)
The incidence of aseptic bone necrosis in 167 patients on glucocorticoid replacement therapy in our hospital was found to be 2.4% (4 patients). The diagnosis was made 16 months to five years after initiation of the therapy. A review of eight other cases reported in the literature is presented. The incidence of aseptic bone necrosis in patients on(More)
In the past decade, one of the most intriguing subjects in understanding the mechanism of malaria infection has been explanation of the role of Kupffer cells. These liver cells, which play an important part in the body's defense against infection, seemed to have on essential supportive role in the homing o f sporozoites. Do Kupffer cells favor the(More)
Acute Zika virus infection usually presents with a self-limiting triad of fever, rash and arthritis. There is limited information on severe or lethal cases. We report three cases of lethal acute Zika infection, confirmed with polymerase chain reaction, in adult patients with some co-morbidities. The patients showed rapid clinical deterioration with(More)
Experimental primary infection with Plasmodium berghei in rats is known to be influenced by several cytokines. Dietary supplementation of n-3 fatty acids has been shown to influence cytokine production capacity and to protect mice from cerebral malaria. We investigated the effect of dietary fish oil (FO) supplementation on cytokine and nitric oxide(More)
Acute Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is usually mild and self-limiting. Earlier, we reported three cases of fatal acute ZIKV infection in patients without typical signs of ZIKV, but rather with criteria of systemic inflammation response syndrome (SIRS). To follow up these observations, we prospectively included patients at the emergency room with temperature(More)
R16HBsAg is an experimental recombinant malaria vaccine consisting of 16 repeats of a four amino acid sequence (Asn-Ala-Asn-Pro or NANP) of the circumsporozoite (CS) protein of Plasmodium falciparum expressed as a fusion protein with the recombinant hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) produced by yeast cells. Twenty male volunteers were experimentally(More)