Stephen G. Pyne

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ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE As many as 229 medicinal plants have been currently used in the Bhutanese Traditional Medicine (BTM) as a chief ingredient of polyherbal formulations and these plants have been individually indicated for treating various types of infections including malaria, tumor, and microbial. We have focused our study only on seven(More)
The generation of sulfidopeptide leukotrienes and leukotriene B (LTB) in response to an IgG-mediated immune complex reaction in the peritoneal cavities of rats fed either a menhaden oil-supplemented diet or a beef tallow-supplemented diet for 9 to 10 wk was determined with the combined techniques of radioimmunoassay (RIA) and reverse-phase high performance(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Corydalis dubia is used in Bhutanese traditional medicine as a febrifuge and for treating infections in the blood, liver and bile which correlate to the signs and symptoms of malarial and microbial infections. AIM OF THE STUDY To validate the ethnopharmacological uses of the plant and to discover potential new therapeutic(More)
A urokinase targeting conjugate of 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5-FUdr) was synthesized and tested for tumor-cell selective cytotoxicity in vitro. The 5-FUdr prodrug 2'-deoxy-5-fluoro-3'-O-(3-carboxypropanoyl)uridine (5-FUdrsuccOH) containing an ester-labile succinate linker was attached to the specific urokinase inhibitor plasminogen activator inhibitor type(More)
The chemical constituents and biological activities of Corydalis crispa (Fumariaceae) were investigated for the first time. The phytochemical study resulted in the isolation of nine known isoquinoline alkaloids: protopine (1), 13-oxoprotopine (2), 13-oxocryptopine (3), stylopine (4), coreximine (5), rheagenine (6), ochrobirine (7), sibiricine (8) and(More)
We have hydrodistilled the essential oil (EO) from the aerial parts of the Bhutanese medicinal plant, Pleurospermum amabile using a Clevenger apparatus and evaluated this EO by GC/GC-MS and NMR analysis followed by testing for bioactivity. The GC-MS analysis identified 52 compounds with (E)-isomyristicin as a major component (32.2%). Repeated purification(More)
The known phenanthrenone trigonostemone (1), along with a new phenanthrenone, 9-O-demethyltrigonostemone (2), and two new phenanthropolones, 3,6,9-trimethoxyphenanthropolone (3) and 4,6,9-trimethoxyphenanthropolone (4), were isolated from the roots of Strophioblachia fimbricalyx. Compound 2 showed cytotoxicity against NCI-H187, KB, and MCF7 cancer cells(More)
A range of N-phenethyl, N-phenacyl, and N-(1- and 2-naphthylmethyl) derivatives of 5,7-dibromoisatin 2 were prepared by N-alkylation reactions. Their activity against human monocyte-like histiocytic lymphoma (U937), leukemia (Jurkat), and breast carcinoma (MDA-MB-231) cell lines was assessed. The results allowed further development of structure-activity(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The Bhutanese form of medicine, which is a scholarly medical system, belongs to a larger system of medicinal corpus that spreads from Mongolia to India. It uses medicinal plants as a bulk ingredient but only 'Higher Elevation Medicinal Plants' have been botanically identified so far. Our study reports the(More)
A range of substituted 1H-indole-2,3-diones (isatins) were synthesized using standard procedures and their cytotoxicity evaluated against the human monocyte-like histiocytic lymphoma (U937) cell line in vitro. SAR studies identified C(5), C(6), and C(7) substitution greatly enhanced activity with some di- and tri-halogenated isatins giving IC(50) values <10(More)