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Men with low testosterone (feminine men) invest in relationships and offspring more than men with high testosterone (masculine men). Women's attraction to testosterone dependent traits (e.g. masculine face shape) is enhanced during the late-follicular, fertile phase of the menstrual cycle. Attractive, feminine women have stronger preferences for masculine(More)
The original 'two-cell mechanism' explained the endocrine regulation of follicular oestrogen synthesis and implied paracrine signalling in the follicle wall. It is now known that the CYP17 gene encoding 17-hydroxylase/C17-20-lyase activity crucial to androgen synthesis, is expressed exclusively in thecal cells. 17-Hydroxylase/C17-20-lyase activity is(More)
The function of human geophagy has long been questioned. We sought to test hypotheses concerning its potential physiological effects through analysis of soils and patterns in geophagy behavior. Eleven samples of geophagic soils consumed by pregnant women on Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, were characterized according to their color, texture, major element(More)
listed as endangered [8] and illegal gold mining resulting in increased turbidity and mercury contamination has severely degraded the type locality and much of its presumed former range. Compounding the problem, much of the surrounding terrestrial habitat is also under increasing threat from both legal and illegal logging. Conservation of this evolutionary(More)
This study determined the effects of inhibiting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) at follicle selection. Marmosets were given an injection of VEGF antagonist, the VEGF Trap on Day 5 of the follicular phase and ovaries were evaluated on Day 10 or 15. Ovaries from controls were assessed on Day 5 (time of selection), Day 10 (peri-ovulatory) and Day 15(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) accounts for about 90% of malignant ovarian tumors, and estrogen is often implicated in disease progression. We therefore compared the potential for gating of estrogen action via pre-receptor metabolism in normal human ovarian surface epithelium (OSE), EOC and selected EOC cell lines (SKOV3 and PEO1). Steroid sulphatase(More)
Although many accounts of facial attractiveness propose that femininity in women's faces indicates high levels of oestrogen, there is little empirical evidence in support of this assumption. Here, we used assays for urinary metabolites of oestrogen (oestrone-3-glucuronide, E1G) and progesterone (pregnanediol-3-glucuronide, P3G) to investigate the(More)
Development-related paracrine cues that sensitize follicles to follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are crucial to the emergence of a single dominant follicle in each ovulatory menstrual cycle. Sex steroids, insulin-like growth factors and members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily are key players in the follicular(More)
BACKGROUND Infections during pregnancy may have serious consequences for both mother and baby. Assessment of risk factors for infections informs planning of interventions and analysis of the impact of infections on health outcomes. OBJECTIVES To describe risk factors for helminths, malaria and HIV in pregnant Ugandan women before intervention in a trial(More)