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Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal, X-linked muscle-wasting disease caused by lack of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. There is currently no cure for DMD although various promising approaches are progressing through human clinical trials. By pharmacologically modulating the expression of the dystrophin-related protein utrophin, we have(More)
Latent M. tuberculosis infection presents one of the major obstacles in the global eradication of tuberculosis (TB). Cholesterol plays a critical role in the persistence of M. tuberculosis within the macrophage during latent infection. Catabolism of cholesterol contributes to the pool of propionyl-CoA, a precursor that is incorporated into cell-wall lipids.(More)
Dr adhesins are expressed on the surface of uropathogenic and diffusely adherent strains of Escherichia coli. The major adhesin subunit (DraE/AfaE) of these organelles mediates attachment of the bacterium to the surface of the host cell and possibly intracellular invasion through its recognition of the complement regulator decay-accelerating factor (DAF)(More)
A N-benzyl-4-amino-2,2-dimethylbutanoic acid-based system has been developed as a new oxidatively activated safety catch linker for reaction monitoring and optimisation on solid support. The CAN promoted oxidative debenzylation of the tertiary N-benzylamine moiety, followed by concomitant cyclisation and release of alcohols and amines has been demonstrated(More)
The ammonium-directed, metal-free oxidation of 3-(N,N-dibenzylamino)cyclohex-1-ene with mCPBA in the presence of either trichloroacetic acid or tosic acid has been used as the key step to facilitate the synthesis of all the diastereoisomers of 3-aminocyclohexane-1,2-diol, in >98% de in each case.
Treatment of 3-aminocyclohex-1-enes with mCPBA in the presence of trichloroacetic acid gives the corresponding 1,2-anti-2,3-syn-1-trichloroacetoxy-2-hydroxy-3-aminocyclohexane with high levels of diastereoselectivity (90% de). This is consistent with a mechanism of oxidation involving hydrogen-bonded delivery of the oxidant by the allylic ammonium ion(More)
The highly diastereoselective anti-aminohydroxylation of alpha,beta-unsaturated esters, via conjugate addition of lithium (S)-N-benzyl-N-(alpha-methylbenzyl)amide and subsequent in situ enolate oxidation with (+)-(camphorsulfonyl)oxaziridine, has been used as the key step in the asymmetric synthesis of N,O-diacetyl xestoaminol C (41% yield over 8 steps),(More)
The diastereoselective conjugate addition of homochiral lithium amides to methyl 4-(N-allyl-N-benzylamino)but-2-enoate has been used as the key step in a simple and efficient protocol for the preparation of 3,4-substituted aminopyrrolidines. This protocol provides a complementary and stereoselective route to both anti- and syn-3-amino-4-alkylpyrrolidines as(More)
The efficiency and stereoselectivity of the conjugate addition of lithium (Z)- or (E)-beta-amino ester enolates, generated by lithium amide conjugate addition to an alpha,beta-unsaturated ester or deprotonation of a beta-amino ester, respectively, to a range of alpha,beta-unsaturated acceptors has been investigated. Deprotonation of a beta-amino ester with(More)
1 To a stirred solution of oxazolidin-2-one (1.0 eq) in THF at –78°C, BuLi (1.01 eq) was added over 10 min. The corresponding acid chloride (1.1 eq) (or mixed anhydride made in situ via mixing the corresponding acid with pivaloyl chloride) was added and stirred for a further 30 min at –78°C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to rt over 30 min and(More)
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