Stephen G Davies

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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are first detected in the floor of the embryonic dorsal aorta (DA), and we investigate the signals that induce the HSC program there. We show that while continued Hedgehog (Hh) signaling from the overlying midline structures maintains the arterial program characteristic of the DA roof, a ventral Bmp4 signal induces the blood(More)
The identification, synthesis and evaluation of a series of rhodanine and thiazolidin-2,4-dione derivatives as selective inhibitors of human arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1 and mouse arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 is described. The most potent inhibitors identified have submicromolar activity and inhibit both the recombinant proteins and human NAT1 in(More)
Arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) catalyse the acetylation of arylamine, arylhydrazine and arylhydroxylamine substrates by acetyl Coenzyme A. NAT has been discovered in a wide range of eukaryotic and prokaryotic species. Although prokaryotic NATs have been implicated in xenobiotic metabolism, to date no endogenous role has been identified for the(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal, X-linked muscle-wasting disease caused by lack of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. There is currently no cure for DMD although various promising approaches are progressing through human clinical trials. By pharmacologically modulating the expression of the dystrophin-related protein utrophin, we have(More)
Latent M. tuberculosis infection presents one of the major obstacles in the global eradication of tuberculosis (TB). Cholesterol plays a critical role in the persistence of M. tuberculosis within the macrophage during latent infection. Catabolism of cholesterol contributes to the pool of propionyl-CoA, a precursor that is incorporated into cell-wall lipids.(More)
(4R,5R)-Cytoxazone has been prepared in four steps and in 61% overall yield and >98% ee. Conjugate addition of lithium (R)-N-benzyl-N-[small alpha]-methylbenzylamide to tert-butyl (E)-3-(p-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate and subsequent in situ diastereoselective enolate oxidation with (+)-(camphorsulfonyl)oxaziridine gave tert-butyl (2R,3R,[small(More)
The highly diastereoselective anti-aminohydroxylation of (E)-gamma-tri-iso-propylsilyloxy-alpha,beta-unsaturated esters, via conjugate addition of lithium (S)-N-benzyl-N-(alpha-methylbenzyl)amide and subsequent in situ enolate oxidation with (+)-(camphorsulfonyl)oxaziridine, has been used as the key step in the asymmetric synthesis of N,O,O,O-tetra-acetyl(More)
The authors have performed a retrospective study of 8 patients, all elderly females, seen in the period 2002-2004 with insufficiency fractures of the tibial plateau. Their mean age was 74 years (range 70-84). There was a history of trivial trauma in all patients, except one. Three of the patients were referred to the orthopaedic department, as a fracture(More)
Sequential enolate alkylations of (S)-N(1)-methyl-5-methoxy-6-isopropyl-3,6-dihydropyrazin-2-one and (S)-N(1)-p-methoxybenzyl-5-methoxy-6-isopropyl-3,6-dihydropyrazin-2-one proceed with excellent levels of diastereoselectivity (>90% de) affording quaternary alpha-amino acids in high enantiomeric excess (>98% ee) after deprotection and hydrolysis.
The identification, synthesis, and evaluation of a series of naphthoquinone derivatives as selective inhibitors of human arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1 and mouse arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 are described. The compounds undergo a distinctive color change (red --> blue) upon binding to these human and mouse NAT isoenzymes driven by a proton transfer(More)