Stephen Fröhlich

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We present three patients with severe respiratory failure secondary to H1N1 influenza type A pneumonitis, in whom hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis were not controlled by the conventional mechanical lung ventilation or high-frequency oscillatory ventilation. Use of a pumpless arteriovenous extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal device (Novalung™,(More)
The recreational use of the so-called "legal-highs" has been in both the medical and political arena over the last year as a result of the appearance of "head shops" in many towns in Ireland. These shops specialized in selling new psychotropic compounds that circumvented established drug legislation. Little is known about the potentially harmful effects of(More)
Accurate disease definitions are essential for clinical decisionmaking, trial enrolment, and mechanistic research. Since it was first recognized over four decades ago multiple attempts have been made to adequately define the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, up to half of the patients captured by definitions to date do not have the(More)
PURPOSE A simple test that could guide successful cessation of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in critically ill patients would be clinically useful. This study aimed to investigate whether a 2-hour creatinine clearance (2h-CrCl) measurement could more accurately predict successful cessation of CRRT than serum creatinine or urine output alone.(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) are being referred for critical care support, but limited information is available on their short- and medium-term outcomes. This study aimed to determine mortality rates, identify optimal predictors of prognosis, and determine the appropriate time to apply these predictors in(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe form of hypoxic lung disease responsible for a large number of deaths worldwide. Despite recent advances in supportive care, no reduction in mortality has been evident since the introduction of a standard consensus definition almost two decades ago. New strategies are urgently required to help design effective therapies(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports suggest that acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is underdiagnosed in both adult and pediatric clinical practice. Underrecognition of this condition may be a barrier to instituting a low tidal volume ventilation strategy. This study aimed to determine the accuracy of clinical diagnoses of ARDS in(More)
The utility of the autopsy in patients who have undergone prior orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has not previously been defined. We sought to investigate the role of the autopsy in liver transplantation by comparing the clinically derived cause of death with the autopsy cause of death in a cohort of liver transplant recipients at our institution.(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of clinical diagnoses compared to autopsy findings in critically ill patients in the current medical era. DESIGN We conducted a retrospective, blinded review of matched medical records and postmortem findings in patients who died between June 2006 and June 2011. SETTING An ICU of a major(More)