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Historically, treatment of patients with cancer using chemotherapeutic agents has been associated with debilitating and systemic toxicities, poor bioavailability, and unfavorable pharmacokinetics. Nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems, on the other hand, can specifically target cancer cells while avoiding their healthy neighbors, avoid rapid clearance(More)
The authors describe a new approach to Austin bunionectomy fixation using the 3M Staplizer. Twenty cases are examined retrospectively for various postoperative results. The Staplizer technique is compared and contrasted to other modes of fixation that are described in the literature. The authors suggest that internal fixation with the Staplizer provides(More)
Bone grafting with demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is useful in reconstructive surgery to ultimately provide anatomic alignment, restore function, or augment/change the biomechanics of the foot and ankle. DBM should be used in conjunction with a transplant or implant displaying mechanical strength. DBM can augment cortical grafts used for bridging gaps or(More)
Cancers often arise within an area of cells (e.g. an epithelial patch) that is predisposed to the development of cancer, i.e. a "field of cancerization" or "field defect." Sporadic colon cancer is characterized by an elevated mutation rate and genomic instability. If a field defect were deficient in DNA repair, DNA damages would tend to escape repair and(More)
Solanum subg. Leptostemonum contains approximately 350–450 species, including the cultivated eggplant, S. melongena. Most species placed in this subgenus form a monophyletic group, the Leptostemonum clade, characterized by the presence of stellate hairs and prickles, leading to the common name of “spiny solanums”. Here we present a phylogenetic analysis(More)
Currently there are a number of surgical techniques being utilized to address the entity of symptomatic, recalcitrant retrocalcaneal exostosis. This article presents a mechanical study of a modified surgical approach which has been developed at the Northern Virginia Podiatric Residency Program for the purposes of complete resection of all offending(More)
A long-term retrospective review of a long oblique distal osteotomy of the fifth metatarsal for correction of a tailor's bunion deformity is presented. The technique, results, and follow-up of this procedure are described. The long oblique distal osteotomy was performed on 25 feet on 16 patients. Follow-up ranged from 11 to 110 months with an average of(More)