Stephen F. Heinemann

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We report the isolation and functional characterization of a member of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit gene family, alpha 9. Xenopus oocytes injected with alpha 9 cRNA express a homomeric receptor-channel complex that is activated by acetylcholine. The alpha 9 receptor displays an unusual mixed nicotinic-muscarinic pharmacological profile. The(More)
We report the cloning and characterization of rat alpha10, a previously unidentified member of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit gene family. The protein encoded by the alpha10 nAChR subunit gene is most similar to the rat alpha9 nAChR, and both alpha9 and alpha10 subunit genes are transcribed in adult rat mechanosensory hair cells.(More)
L-glutamate, the neurotransmitter of the majority of excitatory synapses in the brain, acts on three classes of ionotropic receptors: NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate), AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid) and kainate receptors. Little is known about the physiological role of kainate receptors because in many experimental situations it(More)
We have determined the gene structure for the NMDA receptor subunit gene NMDAR1. We found eight splice variants that arise from different combinations of a single 5' terminal exon insertion and three different 3' terminal exon deletions, relative to NMDAR1. We analyzed the modulation by Zn2+ of currents through homomeric receptors assembled from these(More)
Previous studies have revealed the existence of a gene family that encodes a group of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits. Four members of this family have been characterized thus far; three of these subunits (alpha 2, alpha 3, and alpha 4) are structurally related to the ligand binding subunit expressed in muscle and form functional(More)
DBA mice were chronically treated with nicotine by continuous intravenous infusion of 4.0 mg/kg/hr for 10 d. Drug-treated mice were tolerant to the acute effects of nicotine on locomotor activity and body temperature. The effect of chronic treatment on the amount of L-3H-nicotine binding and RNA encoding for alpha 4, the most widely expressed nicotinic(More)
Kainate receptors are abundantly expressed in the hippocampus. Mice with disruption of kainate receptor subunits allow the genetic dissection of the role of each kainate receptor subunits in the synaptic physiology of the hippocampus, as well as in excitotoxic processes. We have compared the action of domoate and kainate on CA1 pyramidal neurons in slices(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors are composed of homomeric or heteromeric configurations of glutamate receptor subunits. We have cloned a member of a novel class of the rat ionotropic glutamate receptor family, termed chi-1. This subunit exhibits an average identity of 27% to NMDA subunits and 23% to non-NMDA subunits. Regional transcript levels of chi-1 are(More)
By exchanging portions of the AMPA receptor subunit GluR3 and the kainate receptor subunit GluR6, we have identified two discontinuous segments of approximately 150 amino acid residues each that control the agonist pharmacology of these glutamate receptors. The first segment (S1) is adjacent and N-terminal to the putative transmembrane domain 1 (TM1),(More)