Stephen F Dierdorf

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BACKGROUND The laryngeal mask airway ProSeal (PLMA), a new laryngeal mask device, was compared with the laryngeal mask airway Classic (LMA) with respect to: (1) insertion success rates and times; (2) efficacy of seal; (3) fiberoptically determined anatomic position; (4) orogastric tube insertion success rates and times; (5) total intraoperative(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Carcinoid tumors secrete many different types of substances (e.g. serotonin, bradykinin) that may produce potentially fatal intraoperative reactions such as hypotension and bronchoconstriction. The most effective treatment for the deleterious cardiovascular and pulmonary effects of serotonin and bradykinin is octreotide, a somatostatin(More)
To determine the electromyographic response of patients with cerebral palsy to vecuronium, 10 children (mean age, 6 yr 10 mo) without cerebral palsy and 11 children with cerebral palsy (mean age, 10 yr 3 mo) were studied. All patients were undergoing abdominal or orthopedic surgery and were anesthetized with isoflurane and nitrous oxide. The time from(More)
BACKGROUND More than 70% of children require analgesics after bilateral myringotomy and tube placement (BMT). Because anesthesia for BMT is generally provided by face mask without placement of an intravenous catheter, an alternative route for analgesia administration is needed. Transnasal butorphanol is effective in relieving postoperative pain in adults(More)
Good airway management technique is an essential skill for physicians in most specialties. This article begins with a review of basic airway anatomy and the physiology of the uninstrumented airway. This subject is of particular importance given the increasing use of procedural sedation and the increased recognition of sleep-disordered breathing in infants(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Preterm and former preterm children frequently require sedation/anesthesia for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Our objective was to determine the age at which children who are born <37 weeks gestational age are no longer at increased risk for sedation/anesthesia adverse events. Our secondary objective was to describe the(More)
Severe hypoglycemia with delayed emergence occurred in a 12-yr-old boy following bilateral adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma. Hypoglycemia after resection of pheochromocytoma may be due to release of insulin from the beta cells of the pancreas due to sudden withdrawal of catecholamines. Beta blockade with the use of propranolol impairs both hepatic glucose(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the volume of methylene blue-local anesthetic on the spread of the injectate along the costal pleura. Twenty patients undergoing elective thoracotomy were studied. Twelve patients received intercostal nerve injection with 10 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine with methylene blue (10-mL group), and eight(More)