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Recent studies suggest that thousands of genes may contribute to breast cancer pathophysiologies when deregulated by genomic or epigenomic events. Here, we describe a model "system" to appraise the functional contributions of these genes to breast cancer subsets. In general, the recurrent genomic and transcriptional characteristics of 51 breast cancer cell(More)
We describe a survey of genetic changes by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in 11 human breast cancer cell lines recently established in our laboratory. The most common gains took place at 8q (73%), 1 q (64%), 7q (64%), 3q (45%) and 7p (45%), whereas losses were most frequent at Xp (54%), 8p (45%), 18q (45%) and Xq (45%). Many of the cell lines(More)
Breast cancers show a lack of response to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), despite 30% of tumors expressing EGFR. The mechanism of this resistance is unknown; however, we have recently shown that Met kinase activity compensates for loss of EGFR kinase activity in cell culture models. Met has been implicated in the(More)
Earlier, mapping of the 9p23-24 amplicon in esophageal cancer cell lines led us to the positional cloning of gene amplified in squamous cell carcinoma 1 (GASC1), which encodes a nuclear protein with a Jumonji C domain that catalyzes lysine (K) demethylation of histones. However, the transforming roles of GASC1 in breast cancer remain to be determined. In(More)
  • Deborah A Zajchowski, Marty F Bartholdi, Yan Gong, Lynn Webster, Hsiao-Lai Liu, Alexander Munishkin +6 others
  • 2001
With the goal of identifying genes that have an expression pattern that can facilitate the diagnosis of primary breast cancers (BCs) as well as the discovery of novel drug leads for BC treatment, we used cDNA hybrid-ization arrays to analyze the gene expression profiles (GEPs) of nine weakly invasive and four highly invasive BC cell lines. Differences in(More)
Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) were originally identified as key components of signaling pathways involved in mediating responses to IFNs. Previous studies showed that the Src oncoprotein constitutively activates one STAT family member, Stat3. In this study, we investigated STAT activation in a panel of rodent fibroblast cell(More)
Amplification and overexpression of ERBB-2 in human breast cancer is thought to play a significant role in the progression of the disease; however, its precise role in the aetiology of altered phenotypes associated with human breast cancer is unknown. We have previously shown that exogenous overexpression of ERBB-2 conferred growth factor independence on(More)
UNLABELLED To investigate the contribution of various tumor components to tumor [3H]FDG uptake, the size of proliferative cell and macrophage populations and the extent of necrosis, inflammatory infiltration and granulation tissue formation were evaluated in syngeneic rat mammary cancers (RMC) grown in immunocompetent rats, an animal tumor model that(More)
The fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)2 gene has been shown to be amplified in 5-10% of breast cancer patients. A breast cancer cell line developed in our laboratory, SUM-52PE, was shown to have a 12-fold amplification of the FGFR2 gene, and FGFR2 message was found to be overexpressed 40-fold in SUM-52PE cells as compared with normal human mammary(More)
Our laboratory has developed twelve human breast cancer cell lines from primary and metastatic sites. In this report we demonstrate that eight of eight breast cancer cell lines examined exhibit constitutively tyrosine phosphorylated and enzymatically active endogenous pp125 f ak when grown in monolayer. The activation status of pp125 f ak in breast cancer(More)