Stephen E. Welty

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Altered functions of the lung epithelial surface likely contribute to the respiratory morbidities in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Infants with BPD exhibit decreased expressions of secretoglobins (SCGBs), including Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP). Expression of lung SCGB and annexin A1 (ANXA1) is persistently altered in CCSP knockout(More)
Increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and low levels of antioxidants may cause morbidity in premature infants on supplemental oxygen. Glutathione (GSH)-dependent antioxidant systems protect against ROS, and regenerating GSH from GSH disulfide (GSSG) by the flavoenzyme GSH reductase (GR) is essential for the optimal function of this system.(More)
Reduction of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) to glutathione (GSH) by glutathione reductase (GR) enhances the efficiency of GSH-dependent antioxidant activities. However, GR-deficient (a1Neu) mice are less susceptible to acute lung injury from continuous exposure to > 95% O(2) (96 h: 6.9 +/- 0.1 g right lung/kg body versus room air 3.6 +/- 0.3) than are C3H/HeN(More)
OBJECTIVE Premature infants, especially those born less than 1500 g, often exhibit slow overall growth after birth and lack of early nutritional support may be an important element. We tested the hypothesis that early administration of amino acids (within the first few hours of life) to infants born at less than 1500 g would be associated with fewer infants(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated as agents of cellular damage in pulmonary oxygen toxicity. Glutathione (GSH) and GSH-dependent antioxidant enzymes protect against damage by ROS, and recycling of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) to GSH by glutathione reductase (GR) is essential for the optimum functioning of this system. Exposure to hyperoxia(More)
Alveolar Capillary Dysplasia with Misalignment of Pulmonary Veins (ACDMPV) is a developmental disorder of the lungs, primarily affecting their vasculature. FOXF1 haploinsufficiency due to heterozygous genomic deletions and point mutations have been reported in most patients with ACDMPV. The majority of mice with heterozygous loss-of-function of Foxf1(More)
Hyperoxia contributes to acute lung injury in diseases such as acute respiratory distress syndrome in adults and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants. Cytochrome P450 (CYP)1A1 has been shown to modulate hyperoxic lung injury. The mechanistic role(s) of CYP1A1 in hyperoxic lung injury in vivo is not known. In this investigation, we hypothesized(More)
Redox cycling metabolism of diquat catalyzes generation of reactive oxygen species, and diquat-induced acute hepatic necrosis in male Fischer 344 (F344) rats has been studied as a model of oxidant mechanisms of cell killing in vivo. At equal doses of diquat, female F344 rats sustained less hepatic damage than did male rats, as estimated by plasma alanine(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of preoperative head ultrasound scan (HUS) in a cohort of newborns also under going preoperative MRI as part of a prospective research study of brain injury in infants having surgery for congenital heart disease(CHD). METHODS A total of 167 infants diagnosed with CHD were included in this(More)
Exposure of the lung epithelium to reactive oxygen species without adequate antioxidant defenses leads to airway inflammation, and may contribute to lung injury. Glutathione peroxidase catalyzes the reduction of peroxides by oxidation of glutathione (GSH) to glutathione disulfide (GSSG), which can in turn be reduced by glutathione reductase (GR). Increased(More)