Stephen E. Welty

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In this investigation, we tested the hypothesis that the cytochrome P-450 (CYP) inhibitor 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT) alters the susceptibility of rats to hyperoxic lung injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated i.p. with ABT (66 mg/kg), i.v. with N-benzyl-1-aminobenzotriazole (1 micromol/kg), or the respective vehicles, followed by exposure to >95%(More)
We investigated the effects of hyperoxia on the activities of hepatic ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) (CYP1A1), methoxyresorufin O-demethylase (MROD) (CYP1A2), and glutathione transferase-alpha (GST-alpha), and the status of protein thiols (PSH) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Twenty-four h of hyperoxia more than doubled EROD and MROD activities, which(More)
Infants and adults on oxygen often are treated with glucocorticoids in an attempt to reduce lung inflammatory injury. However, glucocorticoids hasten the development of hyperoxic lung injury in some animal models. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that dexamethasone alters the lung inflammatory responses to hyperoxia exposure. We studied(More)
Hyperoxia contributes to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants. Earlier we observed that aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-deficient mice are more susceptible to hyperoxic lung injury than AhR-sufficient mice, and this phenomenon was associated with a lack of expression of cytochrome P450 1A enzymes. Omeprazole, a proton pump(More)
Hyperoxia contributes to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants. New BPD is characterized as having alveolar simplification. We reported previously that aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) deficiency increased susceptibility to hyperoxic lung injury in adult mice, and this was associated with decreased expression of cytochrome(More)
Oxidative modification of LDL may be important in the initiation and/or progression of atherosclerosis, but the precise mechanisms through which low density lipoprotein (LDL) is oxidized are unknown. Recently, evidence for the existence of HOCl-oxidized LDL in human atherosclerotic lesions has been reported, and myeloperoxidase (MPO), which is thought to(More)
AIMS We have previously shown that glucocorticoids induce the expression of MAP kinase phosphatase (Mkp)(a)-1 in innate immune cells. Since Mkp-1 is a critical negative regulator of the innate immune response, we hypothesize that Mkp-1 plays a significant role in the anti-inflammatory action of glucocorticoids. The specific aim of the present study is to(More)
We studied 12 consecutive neonates placed on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in 2004-2005. Activated clotting times (ACT) and anti-factor Xa levels were measured, and the corresponding heparin drip rate was noted. The mean heparin drip rate was 42.2 +/- 10.9 (SD) U/kg/hour (range 20.0-69.5 U/kg/hour). There were 55 simultaneous ACT(More)
We recently observed two 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH)-reactive proteins of 40 and 120 kDa in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of rats exposed to >95% O(2) for 48 h. The N-terminal sequences of these proteins were both identical over 16 amino acids with rat beta-casein, which, in addition to its more common association with milk, is produced by(More)
We used mice with a targeted disruption in g-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT-deficient mice) to study the role of glutathione (GSH) in protection against oxygen-induced lung injury. These mice had reduced levels of lung GSH and restricted ability to synthesize GSH because of low levels of cysteine. When GGT-deficient mice were exposed to 80% oxygen, they(More)