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  • B Moorthy, K M Parker, C V Smith, J R Bend, S E Welty
  • 2000
In this investigation, we tested the hypothesis that the cytochrome P-450 (CYP) inhibitor 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT) alters the susceptibility of rats to hyperoxic lung injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated i.p. with ABT (66 mg/kg), i.v. with N-benzyl-1-aminobenzotriazole (1 micromol/kg), or the respective vehicles, followed by exposure to >95%(More)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease that affects prematurely born infants and appears to evolve in part from early inflammatory responses in the lung. The inflammatory responses have been associated with protein and lipid oxidation in tracheal aspirate fluids. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that in the first(More)
OBJECTIVE Neonates with an irreversible pulmonary dysplasia such as alveolar capillary dysplasia, surfactant protein deficiency, and pulmonary lymphangiectasis may have a deteriorating clinical course requiring cardiopulmonary support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. These neonates are often difficult to distinguish from those with persistent(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is high among infants with chronic lung disease (CLD), and the associated pathogenic mechanisms are not clear. The relationship of symptoms to the extent or duration of acid reflux events (AREs) is not well known in preterm or term infants. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship(More)
We recently observed two 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH)-reactive proteins of 40 and 120 kDa in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of rats exposed to >95% O(2) for 48 h. The N-terminal sequences of these proteins were both identical over 16 amino acids with rat beta-casein, which, in addition to its more common association with milk, is produced by(More)
Oxidative modification of LDL may be important in the initiation and/or progression of atherosclerosis, but the precise mechanisms through which low density lipoprotein (LDL) is oxidized are unknown. Recently, evidence for the existence of HOCl-oxidized LDL in human atherosclerotic lesions has been reported, and myeloperoxidase (MPO), which is thought to(More)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease first described in 1967 as a complication of therapy for premature infants with hyaline membrane disease, and treatment with high concentrations of oxygen was thought to be a major contributor to its development. Thus, interventions to enhance lung antioxidants to prevent the development of BPD were(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether prenatal imaging parameters are predictive of postnatal CDH-associated pulmonary morbidity. METHODS The records of all neonates with CDH treated from 2004 to 2012 were reviewed. Patients requiring supplemental oxygen at 30 days of life (DOL) were classified as having chronic lung disease (CLD).(More)
INTRODUCTION The optimal timing of repair for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients that require ECMO is controversial. Early repair on ECMO theoretically allows for restoration of normal thoracic anatomy but entails significant bleeding risks. The purpose of this study was to examine the institutional outcomes of early CDH repair on ECMO. (More)
We investigated the effects of hyperoxia on the activities of hepatic ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) (CYP1A1), methoxyresorufin O-demethylase (MROD) (CYP1A2), and glutathione transferase-alpha (GST-alpha), and the status of protein thiols (PSH) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Twenty-four h of hyperoxia more than doubled EROD and MROD activities, which(More)