Stephen E. Silliman

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Multiple theoretical sampling designs are studied to determine whether sampling designs can be identified that will provide for characterization of ground water quality in rural regions of developing nations. Sampling design in this work includes assessing sampling frequency, analytical methods, length of sampling period, and requirements of sampling(More)
Groundwater samples were collected at over 100 locations in Benin, West Africa, for the purpose of characterizing region-wide spatial variation in groundwater quality as indicated by concentrations of a number of elements measured within the samples. Analytic techniques ranged from field measures of conductivity and pH, to characterization of major and(More)
The largest city in Benin, West Africa (Cotonou), is reliant upon groundwater for its public water supply. This groundwater is derived from the Godomey well field which is located approximately 5 Km north of the coast of the Atlantic Ocean and in close proximity to Lake Nokoue—a shallow lake containing water with elevated concentration of chloride and other(More)
Africa) initiated a program whereby undergraduates at UND work with graduate students at UAC. The program involves two years of collaborative effort, including 8 weeks of field effort in Bénin. Constraints encountered were related to different languages used by the two student groups, funding, travel to Africa, project definition, and technical training.(More)
Laboratory experiments involving both homogeneous and heterogeneous porous media are used to demonstrate that fluid flow and solute transport will occur regularly in the capillary fringe (CF), including both vertical (upward as well as downward) and horizontal flow velocities. Horizontal flow above the water table appears to be limited primarily to the(More)
We collected seismic data along 15 transects to characterize the geometry of a coastal aquifer in Bénin, West Africa, that is being contaminated by saltwater. We used standard high-resolution seismic methods to image the upper ∼200 m using a sledgehammer source and a 120-channel recording system. Three transects were processed with an iterative updating(More)
A laboratory tank was used to study entrapment of water in coarse sand lenses above the water table and of air in coarse sand lenses below the water table. Monitoring of these experiments involved a combination of visual inspection, measurement of moisture content, and measurement of air/water pressure. The medium consisted of coarse sand lenses with(More)
Notre Dame. His primary area of research is in groundwater hydraulics and chemical transport. He has pursued research and educational programs in both Haiti and Benin (West Africa) involving both undergraduate and graduate students. Abstract Over the past 10 years, the author has experimented with a number of program formats designed to inform engineering(More)
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