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We assessed skill learning in young and older schizophrenic patients using the rotary pursuit task. Schizophrenic patients displayed impaired learning on this task compared with normal control subjects, but older patients were not more impaired than young ones. The patients' rotary pursuit learning was not correlated to the severity of abnormal movements or(More)
In the early development of the central nervous system, stimulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors may be critical for neuronal cell survival and differentiation, as well as the establishment of neural networks resulting from "experience-dependent plasticity." The trophic influence of NMDA receptor stimulation may be present only during a certain(More)
The authors examined whether patients with schizophrenia learned sequential patterns in a probabilistic serial response time task in which pattern trials alternated with random ones. Patients showed faster and more accurate responses to pattern trials than to random trials, but controls showed greater sensitivity to patterns. The highest level of regularity(More)
Overactivation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of syndromic forms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), such as tuberous sclerosis complex, neurofibromatosis 1, and fragile X syndrome. Administration of mTORC1 (mTOR complex 1) inhibitors (e.g. rapamycin) in syndromic mouse models of ASDs improved behavior,(More)
We tested the ability of d-cycloserine, a partial glycine agonist acting at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex, to improve implicit memory in Alzheimer patients in a parallel-group, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. One-hundred eight patients with probable Alzheimer's disease of mild to moderate severity received d-cycloserine (5, 15, or(More)
The authors administered a gaze discrimination task to 24 patients with chronic schizophrenia and 25 subjects with no psychiatric history. Each subject was shown slides and asked, "Is the person in the slide looking directly at you?" Patients with schizophrenia were more likely than comparison subjects to perceive the person in the slide as looking at them(More)
In an open-label study, glycine was administered orally (10.8 g/day in three divided doses) to six chronically psychotic patients, as an adjunct to conventional neuroleptic therapy, for periods extending from 4 days to 8 weeks. Glycine was administered in an effort to facilitate endogenous glutamatergic transmission at the level of the N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)
The Balb/c mouse is proposed as a model of human disorders with prominent deficits of sociability, such as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) that may involve pathophysiological disruption of NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission. A standard procedure was used to measure sociability in 8-week-old male genetically inbred Balb/c and outbred Swiss Webster(More)
Naturally occurring 3-alpha-hydroxy ring A-reduced metabolites of progesterone and deoxycorticosterone and their synthetic analogues bind to specific sites within the hydrophobic channel domain of the GABAA receptor complex. Acting at these sites, these ligands function as positive allosteric effectors of the complex; they potentiate GABA-stimulated(More)
This preliminary investigation examined the therapeutic efficacy of two doses of oral D-cycloserine (5 and 15 mg p.o. b.i.d.) administered as an adjuvant to molindone (150 mg p.o. q.d.) in the treatment of schizophrenia. D-Cycloserine is an agonist at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subclass of glutamate receptor complex. An NMDA agonist intervention was(More)