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We assessed skill learning in young and older schizophrenic patients using the rotary pursuit task. Schizophrenic patients displayed impaired learning on this task compared with normal control subjects, but older patients were not more impaired than young ones. The patients' rotary pursuit learning was not correlated to the severity of abnormal movements or(More)
The authors examined whether patients with schizophrenia learned sequential patterns in a probabilistic serial response time task in which pattern trials alternated with random ones. Patients showed faster and more accurate responses to pattern trials than to random trials, but controls showed greater sensitivity to patterns. The highest level of regularity(More)
Overactivation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of syndromic forms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), such as tuberous sclerosis complex, neurofibromatosis 1, and fragile X syndrome. Administration of mTORC1 (mTOR complex 1) inhibitors (e.g. rapamycin) in syndromic mouse models of ASDs improved behavior,(More)
Because of the demonstration of a selective alpha nicotinic receptor abnormality in patients with schizophrenia, galantamine was added to the stable regimen of atypical and other antipsychotic medications in a 43-year-old man manifesting severe and persistent positive and negative symptoms, as well as mood disturbance and cognitive dysfunction. Galantamine(More)
MK-801, a high-affinity phencyclidine (PCP) analogue, is a noncompetitive antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subclass of glutamate receptor that elicits hyperactivity, stereotypic behaviors, and "popping," an explosive episodic jumping behavior, in mice. The schizophreniform psychosis precipitated by PCP in humans has stimulated interest in(More)
The authors administered a gaze discrimination task to 24 patients with chronic schizophrenia and 25 subjects with no psychiatric history. Each subject was shown slides and asked, "Is the person in the slide looking directly at you?" Patients with schizophrenia were more likely than comparison subjects to perceive the person in the slide as looking at them(More)
We tested the ability of d-cycloserine, a partial glycine agonist acting at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex, to improve implicit memory in Alzheimer patients in a parallel-group, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. One-hundred eight patients with probable Alzheimer's disease of mild to moderate severity received d-cycloserine (5, 15, or(More)
The Balb/c mouse is proposed as a model of human disorders with prominent deficits of sociability, such as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) that may involve pathophysiological disruption of NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission. A standard procedure was used to measure sociability in 8-week-old male genetically inbred Balb/c and outbred Swiss Webster(More)
Naturally occurring 3-alpha-hydroxy ring A-reduced metabolites of progesterone and deoxycorticosterone and their synthetic analogues bind to specific sites within the hydrophobic channel domain of the GABAA receptor complex. Acting at these sites, these ligands function as positive allosteric effectors of the complex; they potentiate GABA-stimulated(More)
The core dysfunctions of autism spectrum disorders, which include autistic disorder, Asperger disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, include deficits in socialization and communication and a need for the preservation of "sameness;" intellectual impairment and epilepsy are common comorbidities. Data suggest that pathological(More)