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We tested the ability of d-cycloserine, a partial glycine agonist acting at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex, to improve implicit memory in Alzheimer patients in a parallel-group, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. One-hundred eight patients with probable Alzheimer's disease of mild to moderate severity received d-cycloserine (5, 15, or(More)
We assessed skill learning in young and older schizophrenic patients using the rotary pursuit task. Schizophrenic patients displayed impaired learning on this task compared with normal control subjects, but older patients were not more impaired than young ones. The patients' rotary pursuit learning was not correlated to the severity of abnormal movements or(More)
The authors administered a gaze discrimination task to 24 patients with chronic schizophrenia and 25 subjects with no psychiatric history. Each subject was shown slides and asked, "Is the person in the slide looking directly at you?" Patients with schizophrenia were more likely than comparison subjects to perceive the person in the slide as looking at them(More)
The authors examined whether patients with schizophrenia learned sequential patterns in a probabilistic serial response time task in which pattern trials alternated with random ones. Patients showed faster and more accurate responses to pattern trials than to random trials, but controls showed greater sensitivity to patterns. The highest level of regularity(More)
Overactivation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of syndromic forms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), such as tuberous sclerosis complex, neurofibromatosis 1, and fragile X syndrome. Administration of mTORC1 (mTOR complex 1) inhibitors (e.g. rapamycin) in syndromic mouse models of ASDs improved behavior,(More)
Recurrent microdeletions of chromosome 15q13.3 are causally associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), suggesting that haploinsufficiency of CHRNA7, the gene that codes for the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) subunit, is an etiological mechanism. Independent of these genetic data, given the location of α7 nAChRs on γ-aminobutyric(More)
Because of the demonstration of a selective alpha nicotinic receptor abnormality in patients with schizophrenia, galantamine was added to the stable regimen of atypical and other antipsychotic medications in a 43-year-old man manifesting severe and persistent positive and negative symptoms, as well as mood disturbance and cognitive dysfunction. Galantamine(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of an evidence-based, systematic approach to hypertension care involving comanagement of patients by primary care physicians and clinical pharmacists versus usual care in reducing blood pressure in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. METHODS Patients in a staff model medical group with uncontrolled hypertension(More)
In an open-label study, glycine was administered orally (10.8 g/day in three divided doses) to six chronically psychotic patients, as an adjunct to conventional neuroleptic therapy, for periods extending from 4 days to 8 weeks. Glycine was administered in an effort to facilitate endogenous glutamatergic transmission at the level of the N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)