Stephen Davies

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1. Intracellular recording techniques were used to characterize monosynaptic inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) and currents (IPSCs) in rat hippocampal slices and to study the mechanism of paired-pulse depression of these synaptic responses. This was achieved by stimulation in stratum radiatum close (less than 0.5 mm) to an intracellularly recorded(More)
The vanilloid receptor VR1 is a nonselective cation channel that is most abundant in peripheral sensory fibers but also is found in several brain nuclei. VR1 is gated by protons, heat, and the pungent ingredient of "hot" chili peppers, capsaicin. To date, no endogenous compound with potency at this receptor comparable to that of capsaicin has been(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-subtype of glutamate receptors has been well described as a result of the early appearance of NMDA antagonists, but no potent antagonist for the "non-NMDA" glutamate receptors has been available. Quinoxalinediones have now been found to be potent and competitive antagonists at non-NMDA glutamate receptors. These compounds(More)
Axonal injury is considered the major cause of disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), but the underlying effector mechanisms are poorly understood. Starting with a proteomics-based approach, we identified neurofascin-specific autoantibodies in patients with MS. These autoantibodies recognize the native form of the extracellular domains of both(More)
Neurotransmission at most excitatory synapses in the brain operates through two types of glutamate receptor termed alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors; these mediate the fast and slow components of excitatory postsynaptic potentials respectively. Activation of NMDA receptors can also lead to(More)
An important contributor to the generation of epileptiform activity is the synchronization of burst firing in a group of neurons. The aim of this study was to investigate whether gap junctions are involved in this synchrony using an in vitro model of epileptiform activity. Hippocampal slices (400 microm) were prepared from female Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
We have examined the effects of ketamine and kynurenate on the initial response and frequency dependent potentiation of response (wind-up) of class 2 neurones of the rat dorsal horn induced by repeated electrical stimulation of their receptive fields. Iontophoretic kynurenate reduced both the initial response and the wind-up. Iontophoretic or intravenous(More)
Marijuana and its psychoactive constituents induce a multitude of effects on brain function. These include deficits in memory formation, but care needs to be exercised since many human studies are flawed by multiple drug abuse, small sample sizes, sample selection and sensitivity of psychological tests for subtle differences. The most robust finding with(More)
Incubation of rat hippocampal slices in the presence of the synthetic cannabinoid (-)-11-OH-delta 8-dimethylheptyl tetrahydrocannabinol (HU-210) (100 nM) prevented the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP). Slices co-incubated with both HU-210 (100 nM) and the cannabinoid antagonist, SR141716A (100 nM), exhibited tetanically induced LTP, comparable to(More)
We have previously reported that the synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 causes a selective reduction in paired-pulse depression of population spikes in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampal slice. This effect is consistent with the observation that activation of cannabinoid receptors inhibits GABA release in the hippocampus. We have now(More)