Stephen Dalton

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Murine ES cells can be maintained as a pluripotent, self-renewing population by LIF/STAT3-dependent signaling. The downstream effectors of this pathway have not been previously defined. In this report, we identify a key target of the LIF self-renewal pathway by showing that STAT3 directly regulates the expression of the Myc transcription factor. Murine ES(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) family members are secreted in inactive complexes with a latency-associated peptide (LAP), a protein derived from the N-terminal region of the TGF beta gene product. Extracellular activation of these complexes is a critical but incompletely understood step in regulation of TGF beta function in vivo. We show that(More)
UNLABELLED There exists a worldwide shortage of donor livers available for orthotropic liver transplantation and hepatocyte transplantation therapies. In addition to their therapeutic potential, primary human hepatocytes facilitate the study of molecular and genetic aspects of human hepatic disease and development and provide a platform for drug toxicity(More)
Understanding the topological configurations of chromatin may reveal valuable insights into how the genome and epigenome act in concert to control cell fate during development. Here, we generate high-resolution architecture maps across seven genomic loci in embryonic stem cells and neural progenitor cells. We observe a hierarchy of 3D interactions that(More)
To identify evolutionarily conserved features of replication timing and their relationship to epigenetic properties, we profiled replication timing genome-wide in four human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines, hESC-derived neural precursor cells (NPCs), lymphoblastoid cells, and two human induced pluripotent stem cell lines (hiPSCs), and compared them with(More)
Pluripotent stem cells have long-term proliferative capacity and an unusual mode of cell-cycle regulation and can divide independently of extrinsic mitogenic signals. The last few years has seen evidence emerge that links cell-cycle regulation to the maintenance and establishment of pluripotency. Myc transcription factors appear to be central to this(More)
Neural crest stem cells can be isolated from differentiated cultures of human pluripotent stem cells, but the process is inefficient and requires cell sorting to obtain a highly enriched population. No specific method for directed differentiation of human pluripotent cells toward neural crest stem cells has yet been reported. This severely restricts the(More)
BACKGROUND The 'CLB2 cluster' in Saccharomyces cerevisiae consists of approximately 33 genes whose transcription peaks in late G2/early M phase of the cell cycle. Many of these genes are required for execution of the mitotic program and then for cytokinesis. The transcription factor SFF (SWI5 factor) is thought to regulate a program of mitotic transcription(More)
A general mechanism for how intracellular signaling pathways in human pluripotent cells are coordinated and how they maintain self-renewal remain to be elucidated. In this report, we describe a signaling mechanism where PI3K/Akt activity maintains self-renewal by restraining prodifferentiation signaling through suppression of the Raf/Mek/Erk and canonical(More)