Stephen D Minchin

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At some bacterial promoters, a 5'-TG-3' sequence element, located one base upstream of the -10 hexamer element, provides an essential motif necessary for transcription initiation. We have identified a mutant of the Escherichia coli RNA polymerase sigma70 subunit that has an altered preference for base sequences in this 'extended -10' region. We show that(More)
The Escherichia coli cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) is a global regulator that controls transcription initiation from more than 100 promoters by binding to a specific DNA sequence within cognate promoters. Many genes in the CRP regulon have been predicted simply based on the presence of DNA-binding sites within gene promoters. In this study, we have(More)
We have compiled and aligned the DNA sequences of 554 promoter regions from Escherichia coli and analysed the alignment for sequence similarities. We have focused on the similarities and differences between promoters that either do or do not contain an extended -10 element. The distribution of -10 and -35 hexamer element sequences, the range of spacer(More)
Bacteria use a variety of mechanisms to direct RNA polymerase to specific promoters in order to activate transcription in response to growth signals or environmental cues. Activation can be due to factors that interact at specific promoters, thereby increasing transcription directed by these promoters. We examine the range of architectures found at(More)
The effects of a number of mutations in the E. coli cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) have been determined by monitoring the in vivo expression and in vitro open complex formation at two semi-synthetic promoters that are totally CRP-dependent. At one promoter the CRP-binding site is centered around 41.5 base pairs upstream from the transcription start(More)
We have made a systematic study of how the activity of an Escherichia coli promoter is affected by the base sequence immediately upstream of the -10 hexamer. Starting with an activator-independent promoter, with a 17 bp spacing between the -10 and -35 hexamer elements, we constructed derivatives with all possible combinations of bases at positions -15 and(More)
As a first stage in developing a DNA array-based approach to investigating the effects of pollutants on an environmentally relevant European fish species, we have constructed a 160-gene custom microarray for European flounder. Degenerate primers were used to amplify 110 different fragments of stress-related and other genes from European flounder cDNA and(More)
Previous work has shown that the base sequence of the DNA segment immediately upstream of the -10 hexamer at bacterial promoters (the extended -10 element) can make a significant contribution to promoter strength. Guided by recently published structural information, we used alanine scanning and suppression mutagenesis of Region 2.4 and Region 3.0 of the(More)
The chromosomal gene from Pseudomonas aeruginosa encoding beta-lactamase has been cloned, and the sequence determined and compared with corresponding sequences of beta-lactamases from members of the enterobacteriaceae. Upstream of the beta-lactamase gene is an open reading frame which we postulate encodes a regulatory protein, AmpR. We identified a(More)
Connexin32 (Cx32) is the predominant gap junction protein expressed in adult rat hepatocytes. This study investigated transcriptional regulation of the rat Cx32 gene in MH(1)C(1) rat hepatoma cells using transient expression assays in conjunction with promoter mutagenesis and 5' nested deletion analysis. Site-directed mutagenesis of the -736 and -187(More)