Stephen D Lande

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Increased abuse and diversion of prescription opioids has been a consequence of the increased availability of opioids to address the widespread problem of undertreated pain. Opioid risk management refers to the effort to minimize harms associated with opioid therapy while maintaining appropriate access to therapy. Management of these linked public health(More)
  • S D Lande
  • 1981
An interresponse time analysis was used to study the effects of variable-ratio punishment schedules on the temporal pattern of reinforced responding. Twelve pigeons responded on a baseline variable-interval schedule of food reinforcement. A variable-ratio ten schedule of electric shock punishment was then introduced. The shock intensity was systematically(More)
The ability of clinical trainees to learn to distinguish between classically conditioned and cognitively based neurotic fears was examined in two small-scale studies. The first study showed that they readily learned to make the distinction on the basis of transcripts of key excerpts of actual patient sessions, and that ability to do so increased with(More)
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