Stephen D Krau

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  • S D Krau
  • 1999
Guiding a patient safely through the process of weaning from an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) requires knowledge that goes beyond understanding the device's purpose and mechanisms. Critical care nurses are responsible for coordinating multidisciplinary care throughout the patient's IABP therapy, assessing and supporting the patient throughout the weaning(More)
Whenever the nurse encounters a patient or a patient's family, there is a transfer of information that is expected to be incorporated into the patient's overall outcome. Objectives help guide the transfer of knowledge and provide a basis by which to evaluate the extent of the patient's understanding. Bloom's Taxonomy has been a cornerstone for the(More)
Despite recent advances in critical care medicine, caring for patients with MODS remains one of the most challenging experience a critical care can encounter. New therapies that current exist and continue to be developed contribute to successful outcomes for patients with MODS, but there is no substitute for prevention and early intervention for persons at(More)
Skin testing is a common procedure in any clinical setting. Critical care nurses will encounter skin testing in the inpatient and outpatient settings primarily to test for patient allergies to environmental factors, or allergies to certain medications. As there is a great deal of controversy about standard practices surrounding the different tests,(More)
With current predictions of climate change, the incidence of heat-related illnesses is projected to increase. Heat-related illnesses occur on a continuum from mild symptoms to fatalities. To prevent heat-related illnesses, nurses should have comprehension of persons at risk. Primary treatment of heat-related illness centers on cooling, but not overcooling,(More)
Chaiyakunapruk N, Veenstra DL, Lipsky BA, et al. Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis. QUESTION: Is chlorhexidine gluconate as effective as povidone-iodine for preventing vascular catheter related bloodstream infection (CRBI)? Data sources Clinical trials in any language were identified by and(More)
We cannot be certain when the next influenza pandemic will emerge, or even whether it will be caused by avian influenza (H5N1) or some unrelated virus. However, we can be certain that an influenza pandemic will occur. The United States is leading the scientific effort to contain the pandemic through vaccine studies and antiviral studies. The need for(More)
The journey to holism is the result of a grounded theory study of 18 members of the American Holistic Nurses' Association. Participants were prompted to "Tell me about holistic nursing" and replies revealed a seven-step process to becoming a holistic nurse. The process is an expansion of Van Gennep's three-stage theory of rites of passage, which involves(More)