Stephen D. Krasinski

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In many mammalian species, the intestinal epithelium undergoes major changes that allow a dietary transition from mother's milk to the adult diet at the end of the suckling period. These complex developmental changes are the result of a genetic programme intrinsic to the gut tube, but its regulators have not been identified. Here we show that(More)
Sucrase-isomaltase (SI), an intestine-specific gene, is induced in the differentiated small intestinal villous epithelium during the suckling-weaning transition in mice. We have previously identified cis-acting elements within a short evolutionarily conserved SI promoter. However, the nature and profile of expression of the interacting proteins have not(More)
Gata4, a member of the zinc finger family of GATA transcription factors, is highly expressed in duodenum and jejunum but is nearly undetectable in distal ileum of adult mice. We show here that the caudal reduction of Gata4 is conserved in humans. To test the hypothesis that the regional expression of Gata4 is critical for the maintenance of jejunal-ileal(More)
The ratio of pepsinogen I to pepsinogen II in the circulation decreases progressively with increasing severity of atrophic gastritis of the fundic gland mucosa. Fasting blood was obtained from 359 free-living and institutionalized elderly people (age range, 60 to 99 years). A pepsinogen I/pepsinogen II ratio less than 2.9, indicating atrophic gastritis, was(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS GATA transcription factors regulate proliferation, differentiation, and gene expression in multiple organs. GATA4 is expressed in the proximal 85% of the small intestine and regulates the jejunal-ileal gradient in absorptive enterocyte gene expression. GATA6 is co-expressed with GATA4 but also is expressed in the ileum; its function in the(More)
Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH) is expressed only in the small intestine and is confined to absorptive enterocytes on the villi with a tightly controlled pattern of expression along the proximal to distal and crypt-villus axes of the intestine. LPH expression is regulated mainly at the level of lactase (LCT) gene transcription that directs 2 phenotypes: a(More)
Vitamin K deficiency results in the appearance of abnormal prothrombin, deficient in gamma-carboxyglutamic acid, in the blood. The presence of abnormal prothrombin can be eliminated or lowered by the administration of vitamin K. Since the abnormal prothrombin antigen assay is approximately 1000-fold more sensitive than the prothrombin time for the diagnosis(More)
Intracellular localization of specific mRNAs is known to be a mechanism for targeting proteins to specific sites within the cell. Previous studies from this laboratory have demonstrated co-localization of mRNAs and proteins for a number of genes in absorptive enterocytes of fetal rat intestine. The present study was undertaken to examine in human(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH) is an absorptive enterocyte-specific gene that is expressed in a well-characterized pattern along the cryptvillus (vertical), proximal-distal (horizontal), and developmental (temporal) gradients. The aim of this study was to characterize the capacity of regulatory elements within the rat LPH gene to direct(More)
The terminal differentiation phases of intestinal development in mice occur during cytodifferentiation and the weaning transition. Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH), liver fatty acid binding protein (Fabp1), and sucrase-isomaltase (SI) are well-characterized markers of these transitions. With the use of gene inactivation models in mature mouse jejunum, we(More)