Stephen D. Holland

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Digital provenance describes the ancestry or history of a digital document. Provenance provides answers to questions such as: “How does the ancestry of these objects differ?” “Are there source code files tainted by proprietary software?” “How was this object created?” Prior systems used to collect and maintain provenance operate within a single layer of(More)
We have developed an ultrasonic array sensor useable for locating air leaks in manned spacecraft and have found that this sensor locates leaks in a 1-m(2) plate to within 2 cm. The sensor consists of a 63-element multiplexed array plus a reference element, all constructed from a single PZT disc and a printed circuit board. Cross-correlations of signals from(More)
Vibrothermography is a relatively new nondestructive evaluation technique for finding cracks through frictional heat generated from crack surface vibrations under external excitations. The vibrothermography inspection method provides a sequence of infrared images as output. We use a matched filter technique to increase the signal-to-noise ratio of the(More)
The well known zero in the group velocity of the first-order symmetric (S1) plate wave mode has been exploited in air-coupled ultrasonic imaging to obtain significantly higher sensitivity than can be achieved in conventional air-coupled scanning. At the zero group velocity point at the frequency minimum of the S1 mode, a broad range of wavenumbers couple(More)
Vibrothermography, or sonic IR, is a nondestructive evaluation technique used to find surface and near surface defects—such as cracks and delaminations—through observations of vibration-induced heat generation. This method has significant interest as an industrial inspection method, however, a lack of understanding of the fundamental physics governing the(More)
We have developed and tested in the laboratory a method for in-orbit detection and location of air leaks in manned spacecraft that uses only a small number of sensors distributed arbitrarily on the inner surface of the spacecraft skin. Then, structure-borne ultrasound in the range of 300–600 kHz is monitored from each of the sensors. When cross correlations(More)
Micrometeorite hits can create air leaks in manned spacecraft. Leak-generated-guided ultrasonic waves can be monitored within the platelike spacecraft skin to detect and locate leaks. Cross-correlation techniques allow measurement of the deterministic behavior of the leak-generated noise. Measured leak-into-vacuum cross-correlations of noise signals from(More)
This paper describes the estimation of probability of detection (POD) for a vibrothermography inspection procedure. The results are based on a large scale experiment on specimens with two different kinds of metal containing fatigue cracks. The specimens were tested independently at three inspection sites: Iowa State University (ISU), Pratt and Whitney (PW)(More)