Stephen D. Bartlett

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Measurement underpins all quantitative science. A key example is the measurement of optical phase, used in length metrology and many other applications. Advances in precision measurement have consistently led to important scientific discoveries. At the fundamental level, measurement precision is limited by the number N of quantum resources (such as photons)(More)
We show that communication without a shared reference frame is possible using entangled states. Both classical and quantum information can be communicated with perfect fidelity without a shared reference frame at a rate that asymptotically approaches one classical bit or one encoded qubit per transmitted qubit. We present an optical scheme to communicate(More)
N), i.e., as the standard quantum limit. We introduce a protocol that makes use of Nc coherent exchanges of a single qubit at frequency ω, leading to an accuracy that scales as (ωNc) −1 logNc. This protocol beats the standard quantum limit without the use of entanglement, and we argue that this scaling is the fundamental limit for clock synchronization(More)
We obtain sufficient conditions for the efficient simulation of a continuous variable quantum algorithm or process on a classical computer. The resulting theorem is an extension of the Gottesman-Knill theorem to continuous variable quantum information. For a collection of harmonic oscillators, any quantum process that begins with unentangled Gaussian(More)
Stephen D. Bartlett, Terry Rudolph, 3 and Robert W. Spekkens School of Physics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia Optics Section, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BW, United Kingdom Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BW, United Kingdom Department of Applied(More)
We identify a broad class of physical processes in an optical quantum circuit that can be efficiently simulated on a classical computer: this class includes unitary transformations, amplification, noise, and measurements. This simulatability result places powerful constraints on the capability to realize exponential quantum speedups as well as on inducing(More)
We introduce the quantum quincunx, which physically demonstrates the quantum walk and is analogous to Galton’s quincunx for demonstrating the random walk. In contradistinction to the theoretical studies of quantum walks over orthogonal lattice states, we introduce quantum walks over nonorthogonal lattice states (specifically, coherent states on a circle) to(More)
Quantum-dot spin qubits characteristically use oscillating magnetic or electric fields, or quasi-static Zeeman field gradients, to realize full qubit control. For the case of three confined electrons, exchange interaction between two pairs allows qubit rotation around two axes, hence full control, using only electrostatic gates. Here, we report(More)
Bipartite entanglement may be reduced if there are restrictions on allowed local operations. We introduce the concept of a generalized superselection rule to describe such restrictions, and quantify the entanglement constrained by it. We show that ensemble quantum information processing, where elements in the ensemble are not individually addressable, is(More)
We employ a high quantum efficiency photon number counter to determine the photon number distribution of the output field from a parametric down-converter. The raw photocount data directly demonstrates that the source is nonclassical by 40 standard deviations, and correcting for the quantum efficiency yields a direct observation of oscillations in the(More)