Learn More
In the development of speech recognition algorithms, it is important to know whether any apparent difference in performance of algorithms is statistically significant, yet this issue is almost always overlooked. We present two simple tests for deciding whether the difference in error-rates between two algorithms tested on the same data set is statistically(More)
TESSA is an experimental system that aims to aid transactions between a deaf person and a clerk in a Post Office by translating the clerk's speech to sign language. A speech recogniser recognises speech from the clerk and the system then synthesizes the appropriate sequence of signs in British Sign language (BSL) using a specially-developed avatar. By using(More)
We describe some high-level approaches to estimating confidence scores for the words output by a speech recognizer. By “high-level” we mean that the proposed measures do not rely on decoder specific “side information” and so should find more general applicability than measures that have been developed for specific recognizers. Our main approach is to(More)
Determining the position of breaks in a sentence is a key task for a text-to-speech system. A synthesized sentence containing incorrect breaks at best requires increased listening effort, and at worst, may have lower intelligibility and different semantics from a correctly phrased sentence. In addition, the position of breaks must be known before other(More)
In previous work, we have argued that it is beneficial to find confidence measures (CM’s) that are not dependent on use of “side information” from a specific recogniser. Here, we extend this philosophy to include the use of semantic information in estimating the confidence that a word is correct. We are motivated by the observation that sometimes the(More)
WindSat is a space-based polarimetric microwave radiometer designed to demonstrate the capability to measure the ocean surface wind vector using a radiometer. We describe a nonlinear iterative algorithm for simultaneous retrieval of sea surface temperature, columnar water vapor, columnar cloud liquid water, and the ocean surface wind vector from WindSat(More)