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BACKGROUND The role of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in osseous repair has been demonstrated in numerous animal models. Recombinant human osteogenic protein-1 (rhOP-1 or BMP-7) has now been produced and was evaluated in a clinical trial conducted under a Food and Drug Administration approved Investigational Device Exemption to establish both the safety(More)
Joint proprioception in the human knee has been studied using two previously described tests. Threshold of detection of slow, constant, passive motion and ability to reproduce angles to which the knee was passively placed were accurately measured. A group of postoperative total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients were examined. All patients also had documented(More)
A non-invasive method for demonstrating the shock wave which propagates through the skeletal system following heel strike is described. This wave was not seen in force plate studies where adequate shock absorption was provided by running shoes. In the present study six subjects ran across a force plate without shoes before and after they were fatigued on a(More)
The association of idiopathic scoliosis with an osteoporotic state has been indicated previously. The present study compared the trabecular bone mineral densities of 44 adolescent idiopathic scoliotic girls with 44 age-, weight-, sex-, and race-matched controls. Their lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral densities were evaluated using dual-photon(More)
Osteogenic proteins (OPs), also referred to as bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), are a family of bone-matrix polypeptides isolated from a variety of mammalian species. Implantation of osteogenic proteins induces a sequence of cellular events that leads to the formation of new bone. In preclinical studies, the implantation of recombinantly produced human(More)
Joint-position sense of the knee was measured in 29 subjects with normal knee joints ranging in age from 20 to 82 years. Joint-position sense was determined by two common techniques that measure the threshold to detection of motion and the ability to reproduce passive knee positioning. Joint-position sense was found to deteriorate with increasing age as(More)
STUDY DESIGN In an attempt to evaluate the effects of bone mineral density on the quality of fixation of pedicle screws in the lumbar spine, the axial pullout force was determined and compared in normal and osteoporotic human lumbar spines. OBJECTIVES Four techniques of screw hole preparation were evaluated. Two pedicle screw/offset laminar hook(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Obtaining adequate purchase with standard pedicle screw techniques remains a challenge in poor quality bone. The development of alternate insertion techniques and screw designs was prompted by recognition of potential fixation complications. An expandable pedicle screw design has been shown to significantly improve fixation compared to a(More)
The advantages of pedicle screw fixation depend on their ability to retain bony purchase until the fusion mass is stable. Osteoporotic bone and removal and replacement of pedicle screws in revision procedures substantially reduce screw mechanical fixation strength and can lead to clinical failure. The objective of this study was to determine if an expansive(More)
An ulnar segmental defect model was used in adult male dogs to examine the effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-7 (recombinant human Osteogenic Protein-1 [rhOP-1]; Creative Biomolecules, Hopkinton, Massachusetts) on new bone induction and healing, and to test the mechanical strength of healed 2.5-cm segmental bone defects. The rhOP-1(More)