Stephen Commiskey

Learn More
The opioid analgesic, butorphanol (17-cyclobutylmethyl-3,14-dihydroxymorphinan) tartrate is a prototypical agonist-antagonist opioid analgesic agent whose potential for abuse has been the cause of litigation in the United States. With a published affinity for opioid receptors in vitro of 1:4:25 (mu:delta:kappa), the relative contribution of actions at each(More)
Participation of the nucleus paragigantocellularis (PGi) in mediation of opioid withdrawal was examined in conscious, unrestrained, non-opioid-dependent rats, using electrical stimulation of the PGi. A characteristic series of behaviors, which resembled those seen during naloxone-precipitated withdrawal from dependence on the opioid agonist, butorphanol,(More)
  • 1